Religion and Salvation

                  By Vic Odarve

Nearly almost all religious leaders in all eras of history claimed that by following their religion would mean your salvation. That is why followers are advised their adherence to their rites and customs that go along with their teachings, inculcate a strong belief that their denominations profess to be “the only true way to God, and build to believe that outside the stack has no salvation. Thus, whether the holy books have been twisted, misinterpreted, and perverted the real message, they have one thing in common; their own denomination would save their soul and lead to the eternal life.

Salvation and mathematics must be taught in school

As always in our observations, these religious rituals and customs develop the lives of the followers’ greater depth of understanding and direction toward spiritual perfection. And since we have various denominations around the globe, each group differs on their own beliefs and practices. With these practices, it is believed that followers understand the ultimate purpose of life. With greater understanding on what they live for, significant numbers of followers embraced their religious teachings. Thus, customs and rituals become the significant features on religion and on salvation.

With the latest trends of teachings around the globe, religious leaders often inculcate to their followers the strong belief that their denominations profess to be “the only true way to God”. They lead the flocks to believe that their salvation is being sourced from heavenly teachings with all sorts of heavenly grace. This belief gives rise to a follower with extreme behavior or extremists, irrespective of religions… Hinduism, New Age, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Today, these extremists vowed to fight people that do not belong to their group. Worse, they often have a belief that killing people who opposed their religion is a statement of their martyrdom. But we must think it over that with many religions around the world, they can’t all be right, and more likely only one serves God.

Jagna Cathedral, Jagna, Bohol

What is ironic is that almost all of them claimed that outside their own religion, there is no salvation. They have on their minds that God favors their denomination over the others. What is more intriguing is that each of these religions has sects with differing beliefs and wants to save during the judgment day. Protestant and Islam religions, for instance, take in different denominations claiming to be the genuine followers of their God. Because of these differences, religious wars break out. Nowadays, in the Middle East, Islam religion is fighting with each other due to misconceptions of the teaching from their holy book. Each one claimed to be the favored ones.

Whatever the beliefs and differences might be brought about by these different religions, one matter is clear; that, that everyone must serve their Lord, your Lord, and my Lord. It is a matter of being one with your Lord and Saviour, the Maker and Redeemer of all matters.  There are good people in all sorts of religions, and it is a matter of being one with whom you believe your God and Saviour by following the true teachings of the holy book.

This beautiful scenery is the work of thy hands

There are complexities along the interpretations and understanding of the word of God breeding confusion among the people. The books of God can be interpreted either directly or indirectly by the different religions and may still result to salvation. Just like in mathematics, there are many methods in finding the roots of an equation, but draw different steps to draw similar answer. God’s infinite wisdom cannot be fully understood by mankind that like mathematics, different religious beliefs may end to the same result…salvation to the believers. Bible verses explain to us by the Apostle John.

John says (2:24) that Jesus “knew all men,” and then adds (2:25), “and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.” 

 Romans 10:9-13.

 That if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved. As the Scripture says, “Anyone who trusts in him will never be put to shame.” For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile—the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, for, “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

Today, we live in a society that has many cultures and many religions and denominations, and we are to treat each with respect. It is good to be tolerant, but that does not mean that we have to agree with everyone in their religious belief.Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.” James 4:10.

Then, can religion save us? The belief is ours when it is the time to meet the One sitting on the throne.

 

 

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Tell-tale Signs That Heaven and Hell Exist

By  Vic Odarve

It was not an ordinary day. Final exams proceeded as scheduled and everybody seemed busy. But not for this student! I had seen him following me for several days until we met at my office and he asked me this question,” Sir, do heaven and hell exist?’

San Pedro Cathedral Church -Davao City, Philippines.

I was dumbfounded! I did not expect an engineering student asking this question. Maybe he forgot that I was not handling theological courses. At first, I hesitated to entertain but he looked serious! Then I remembered Sir Isaac Newton. Like Newton, this student was trying to investigate the geographical location of heaven and hell. Or if these things really exist! Newton, unique among scientists, devoted the final part of his life, finding the location of hell and heaven. He failed to find until his demise!

Pilgrimage Center, Madonna University, Nigeria

This school is run by priests and nuns. As expected the doctrine of hell and heaven is taught. The subject may be incorporated in other courses such as theology, philosophy, logic, etc. But, to my mind, the same thing; that all Christians must know if hell or heaven exists!

LOCATION OF HEAVEN AND HELL

The Bible does not give an exact place or location. Our common belief is that hell and heaven are places where departed loved ones reside. That is after death!  Off limits for the living! That’s why we are just imagining the existence and these things remain a mystery. These are unseen for the living! Things unseen can exist if you believe it. It is through faith that things unseen works. It is the strong faith of life after death that hell and heaven existence really depend on. Others consider afterlife as myth or superstitious! But the Bible, written and inspired by infinite wisdom, describes hell and heaven.

Saint Pedro Calungsod, Malbog, Jagna, Philippines

Hell is believed to be the eternal state of punishment for the sinners after death. It is also the place for the wicked people- with the fire that never goes out. Sinners including angels are confined here until the Day of Judgment. It is a place of real torment.

Heaven, on another hand, is opposite. It is a perfect place of supernatural happiness where God, angels, and other heavenly beings reside. In his spiritual vision in the Book of Revelation, John describes heaven as follows;

22 I saw no temple in the city for the Lord God, Master of the universe, and the Lamb are themselves its temple.

23 The city has no need of the light of the sun or the moon since God’s Glory is its light and the Lamb is its lamp.

24 The nations will walk in its light and the kings of the earth will bring their treasures to it.

25 Its gates will not be closed at sunset, for there will be no night there.

Heaven and hell are places for spiritual existence. It could just be in our imagination because these exist in other dimensions. It’s another plane! In mathematics, it is another coordinate system of life. It is through death that gives birth to this dimension. Like Mathematics, logarithm and Laplace transformations give birth to another realm of the mathematical plane. But God taught us these things in advance so that we can prepare for the next level of existence. It’s another life plane. For as long as man is breathing, hell and heaven exist in our imagination. But as a man passes death unto life, hell and heaven are real places!

Jagna, Bohol Cathedral

TELL -TALE SIGNS THAT THEY EXIST

With the advance of technology, many things that cannot be seen and difficult to understand are slowly coming to our perception in a clearer picture. These are telltale signs that they exist! Blackhole, for instance, could not be seen as even light cannot escape its immense gravitational pull. It is the bending of light which showed that they exist. Dark matters and dark energy, too, exist like black holes. Gospel writers like Matthew, Luke, Mark, Paul, and John in revelation showed that in their time, had seen the heaven opened. Book of Revelation describes more what heavens are all about!

Spiritual connection builds better mathematics

Dreaming, a mental activity that occurs during sleep allows departed beloved to communicate the living. This is one way the two parallel level of existence interacts! Though mathematically, no intersection is possible on two parallel lines, spirit beings and the living beings intersect dramatically through dreams. Remember the biblical Joseph and Daniel? Both communicated God in their difficult trying times through dreams! God- the spirit being communicated mankind- the living flesh! Existing in two separate planes of dimensions!

The Bible is the only book that discloses the way going to heaven and the gate going to hell. So what shall we do? Read the bible now! Do not delay! Learn its wisdom to be wise and practice its doctrine to be safe- for the kingdom of heaven is at hand! In heaven, poor and rich live in harmony! Be there and see the One sitting on the throne! Jesus invites you!

 

 

Do Not Worry;Be Happy

By Vic Odarve

Happiness is the universal feeling that God has given to mankind; hence, we all aspire to experience more of it. Happy people are productive and the actions of one happy person can create a ripple effect that can eventually influence others. Happiness is a matter of choice; by changing perspective in life, you can make every moment a happy moment. Do not worry; it is your right to be happy!

Mayana ricefields are the works of thy Hands

God gives this feeling of happiness that mankind will experience, feel and enjoy the beauty of His creation; that is why the psalmist often rendered songs of love and joy and praises for His great works. Nature is an ornament of His wondrous works of thy hands; from great fields and valleys, sparrows and water lilies, and into the vast cosmic ocean where heavenly bodies form an enormous web that spreads out in all directions of the universe and beyond. It is the feeling of happiness that humbles ourselves before the Maker and worships Him as great creator and the source of all things. It is a universal feeling. Whether you are born from wedlock, broken homes, abandoned families, etc.…. it is your right to be happy!

Happy people have better relationships with friends, family members, and loved ones, and doing healthier lifestyles. It can influence others. In the recently concluded SEABA Championship held in Manila, Philippines, when the Gilas Pilipinas basketball team reaches quarter final, they are optimistic that they become a champion – a belief that generates the whole team and in the end, they became champions; hence a pure joy and excitement for the players. Happy people often take an effort to spend a time to recreate, relax, and dine with friends and loved ones. Happiness, indeed, influences others to have more likely to accomplish the goal in life.

All must be happy during fiesta celebration

Happiness is a matter of choice; but, that being happy does not mean all are perfect. If something went wrong, find out why and there is always a way in going right. And one thing that counts; that being still here, alive and kicking, it is wise to spend every moment a happy moment. You can have flaws and misfortunes, storms and fatigue in the relationship, but you learn from all these failures. You can build up confidence and courage and learn that to be happy is not to have a perfect life.  In addition, there are many people who love you unconditionally and depend on you. They want to see your life happy. Choose to be happy and enjoy life!

Even the holy Bible, God tells us not to be worried. The bible puts it in Matthew 6:25-30

25 “Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? 26 Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?27 Which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature?

28 “So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; 29 and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 30 Now if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, O you of little faith?

Jagna town panoramic view from Barangay Malbog

Never give up on happiness, for life is a God-given gift to mankind.
There is no better way than loving every minute because it is your right to be happy; you live today and gone tomorrow. You never know… any of us could wake up tomorrow realising we lose someone we love! Nobody knows!

So, do not worry; be happy it is your right!

Fake Christians; Saying One Thing and Doing Another

By Vic Odarve

From neighborhoods and elsewhere these Christians are saying one thing and doing another!

They manage illegal businesses, exploits people, and corrupt; yet pious outside but rotten inside. With just a few months from illegal business such as drugs trafficking and money laundering, they become an instant millionaire. More or less of these businessmen exploited their workers by paying low or underpaid salaries or under contractual status. Still, others are corrupt by not paying due taxes to the government. But observe them during religious rites and ceremonies, they give offerings and talk like a true Christian; that is, saying one thing but doing another. They are fake Christians!

       Pilgrims attended the celebration. Some are fake christians!

Several pieces of research showed that most millionaires were traced from illegal businesses such as drug trafficking. Their unexplained wealth and various acquired properties cannot be drawn up with proper documents. Such was the case of Senator Leila de Lima which many people believed that she has received millions from the drug lords operating inside the Bilibid to finance her campaign during the election. To date, she is languishing in jail. Being a religious person, she has already forgiven the “Judases” in her life, including her former driver and lover, Ronnie Dayan, who has turned against her. “I commend these sinners to God almighty and offer them mercy,” the senator stated.

In employment, working class people which are the driving force behind the capitalist production, are exploited by having low salaries and contractual status. Although they contributed profits in the business operation and considered as the core builders of beautiful palaces and buildings, their employers seldom give them incentives and benefits enjoyed by permanent employees. Dubai, for example, a city renowned for glitz and boast the world’s tallest building, migrant workers who build its grandeur are paid below the standard wages.  These low paid migrant workers are often housed in filthy conditions and treated like a slave during the dark ages. In the Philippine setting, the end of contract scheme employed by some employers deprives the workers and their families of enjoying the benefits given in the law.

Very religious

There are millionaires who often donate large sums to religious activities and politicians during the campaign period, acquired more profit from their businesses by not paying the right taxes to the government. To date, various business magnates are under reviewed by the government. To name few, Tan has almost P30 billion tax deficiencies, the Mighty corporation has an estimated excise tax liability of P 9.564 billion, and Dunkin doughnuts have also billions of unpaid taxes. But when questioned by media men, they seemed philanthropic but are practising another.

A novel interpretations of Christian doctrines teach that saying one thing and doing another are persons with questionable credibility. Credibility is our own choice of path in our life. It is a commitment; to be a liar or not. In math, it is a domain, the lower and upper limits in integral Calculus, representing the area that covers your life. It is believability. If credibility is questionable, a “credibility gap” is said to exist. Nobody wants to befriend you except people with the same colour as yours!

Today, there is spate of fake Christians; saying one thing but doing another!

 

Both Excited and Terrified by Duterte’s Presidency

                                                           By Vic Odarve

Fed up with traditional politicians and driven for strong choice for a change by Duterte’s leadership, Filipinos are cautious for the coming years…both excited and terrified. People are excited to see a leader who can decide and execute the laws of the land effectively to curb drug abuses, bring corrupt government officials down to their knees, and improve the standard of living. But at the same time, these people are cautious, if not terrified, because of his governance style coupled by his character deficits, and hawkish foreign policies.  It is indeed terrifying and exciting!

President Rody Duterte

President Rody Duterte

 As known from his campaign trail which draws millions of his followers that gave him election victory, immediately after elected to office, he pounced down illegal drugs and gave an ultimatum to all drug lords, users, and pushers. After visiting China, Japan and other Asian countries, Duterte have brought investments to the country to propel our economy, and offer job opportunities to millions of jobless. He further cleaned up cronyism to his cabinet and other government posts, and even challenged the whole Energy Regulatory Board personnel to file their resignation due to corruption. These actions have been met with immense positivity from the population and signaled to the country that he was not only committed to his cause but also serious about cleansing government scalawags.

These kids have an illusion of better Philippines

These kids have an illusion of better Philippines

But not all are happy. As the wind changed its course from the traditional politics to unorthodox method, his governing style was saddled with his character deficits, and hawkish foreign policies which drew an ire from some of his supporters from both branches of the government. Some legislators believed that his foul mouth is wrecking the Philippine economy and scaring away investors; his conflicting statements on foreign policy is baffling lawmakers on what direction he is heading to. Further, repeated curses to US President Barack Obama, the United Nations and the European Union for questioning his tough anti-drugs crackdown affected our international relations. The ratification of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, he called it “obviously wrong” and the way he treated the Marcos burial are among the few of his pronouncements that reveal his personality. Most people are terrified!

Food shortage due to El Nino

Food shortage due to El Nino

Though the future seems uncertain as he journeys on his presidential term to complete, there have been always a negative and positive reactions. Like a Newton’s law of motion, there is always an equal and opposite reaction. Duterte cannot do the job alone considering the various problems the country is facing. People believe that presidential advisers may brilliantly steer him into a success and to keep him on right track and away from doomsday leadership.

Despite of these uncertainties, people from all walks of life are drawn to him because they want a change and they are tired of all sweet-talking, fork-tongued politicians who are very religious and often promises reform but corrupt. We have demonstrated for the past 30 years that traditional leadership did not work.  That’s why Filipinos have to go abroad to find greener pasture. Can Duterte rise to the occasion and lead this nation to greatness again?  The answer is yours and the way events turned out people are both excited and terrified.

Old Photographs; Images of our Life

Old photographs reopened eyes to our past, re-discovered roots, and experienced its beauty and culture of our ancestors. It gives picture where we come from and see our place where we have spent our childhood years. It builds deeper connection to the past; the ancestors, great grandparents, relatives, and friends. And knowing where we come from enable people to experience the beauty and culture from old folks tread to the new generation. Old photographs are images of our life.

Field trips and seminar Chocolate hills-Bohol

Field trips and seminar
Chocolate hills-Bohol

Old pictures remind us the beauty of the places where we have spent our childhood days, playing with our childhood friends…flying kite, running, walking along the mountain trails where our grandparents used before.  These are the places where the generations of our families were born, lived and died. Pictures captured these places vividly which enable the present generation to visit and wonder how their lives were spent before.

Inspiring and imaginative, iconic old pictures teach us how to remember those we miss most, no matter how long they’ve been gone . These are the people we miss in our life, and all they still mean to us. Though most photographs are black and white, they still brings the vivid pictures the lives of our ancestors. Some of us may have inherited their physical features …the curve of our nose, and the color of the skin and eyes. Some of us are the crystal clear image of our grandparents…a living blue print from the old generation.

Great great grandparents

Great great grandparents

With their photographs we learned how our old folks lived and spent their lives. Their important events captured in the pictures…showcased how their beautiful culture and tradition flourished in their time. There are also pictures showing working together or bayanihan… a tradition which for now is seldom practice.

Yes, old pictures say a thousand words as camera captures everything. It is like a narrative of your life which you are a part of the generation; rekindle our thoughts to remember those we miss most, no matter how long they have gone. These old photographs also encourage the present generation to visit the land of their birth; attend the great annual festival or fiestas of the villages to rediscover their lost ancestral roots. Old pictures are really the images of our life.

 

Advise our President, Please!

                  By Vic Odarve

It is the president’s adviser role …to advise and make recommendations to the president on all crucial issues facing the nation’s policies. These people must be heavily involved in all policy areas and attuned to the needs of the president on the key issues. More so, advisers are responsible for his good image both in and out of the country’s spectrum; knew exactly the direction what the president wanted in our domestic and foreign policy. Advise our president, please!

Press briefing by the President

Press briefing by the President

Presidential speeches, whether done in local and international settings, must be reviewed and filtered so as not to create different interpretations from the media men, supporters, and foes; and distort the true meaning on what the president wants to project. Local and idiomatic expressions, which often the source of misunderstanding, if possible, must be controlled. Such was the case after the ASEAN forum …confrontation between the president and press people during the press conference.

In like manner, presidential decisions both on domestic and international issues seemed to convey more questions than what the citizens are expecting. Whether politically motivated or not, the advisers must see to it that these decisions may not create chaos and confusions among the Filipinos. Such was the case of Marcos burial and our policy towards America and ASEAN neighbors.

Harvesting rice in Mayana- Beautiful scenery is the work of His Hands

The President’s life is not as beautiful as this scenery in Mayana

In almost all head of states like a president, a team of advisers plays an important role in their decisions. The president and advisers have to dance in tango…a harmony in every step. The president growing problems in giving controversial statements and his decisions in some of our domestic issues can be addressed with advisers who knew well what the president’s wanted directions. On the other hand, the President is obligated to consult his advisers before making decisions.

Speeches, whether colorful, sarcastic or not or deemed inappropriate for public consumption, must be addressed; and decisions, whether politically motivated, payback after elections or not, must also be discussed with his advisers.

Advise him, please!

Vote for my Presidential Candidate,Please!

             By Vic Odarve

As the executive branch consists of several departments, a candidate for president must be an experienced leader who has a strong authority to manage and direct the activities; take quick action on problems facing the nation, such as corruption and hardened criminals, and must have a strong character to react smartly and cleverly under stressful conditions. Leadership experience, tough in fighting corruption and criminals, and strong character to hold up pressures attribute a great president. So, on this coming presidential derby on May, vote for my candidate, please!

Presidential candidates debate- Philippines politics

Presidential candidates debate- Philippines politics

A presidential candidate with considerable leadership experience can propel the direction on his decision intelligently on various issues; run the country with authority in harmony with other government branches, and understand to what extent are his duties and responsibilities.  He can rely not much on his advisers as with traditional politicians usually do; establish a reputation of not favoring the elite few. As a seasoned leader, he must be strong and decisive; widely seen as better able to handle the responsibilities of being commander in chief, and more often align with people views on important issues facing the country. His leadership experience counts!

A would be president must be a proven leader in fighting corruption and criminality which every leader always promises but failed significantly for the past several decades. With various syndicates on drugs and criminal elements eluding the justice system, a candidate must be tough, iron-fisted, and fear no one whether these persons are bigwigs and famous in the society. Likewise, he must have a  will and determination to bring corrupt government officials to justice irrespective of party’s affiliation. These corrupt public servants are known as the “looting machine” explain why this country is not rising. So, we need a tough president to address corruption, crime, and drug problems.

Campaign promises

Campaign promises

As the job requires decision-making both domestic and international issues, the position takes a special kind of person with a strong character… someone tough, smart, and driven. These attributes are necessary allowing him to implement laws and hold up the working situation in its order under the pressures of  various peppering problems plaguing the nation such as  the South China Sea, terrorist attack, secessionist, and economy. He may not be a gifted speaker like Hitler and Mussolini but could drum up support for his policies from congress and draw big followers from the common masses. He should promise to tear up the feudal lord system and make the country great again. He must have a strong backing from the nation’s minorities, and argue for realistic solutions to problems, rather than rhetoric, and above all, bring unity.

As the campaign period about to end with various trends shown in the surveys and social media who are on the top standing, the result may twist and turn  different comes the election day. Believe it or not, people are tired of criminals and corrupt public officials, weak and indecisive leaders, and traditional politicians with the same campaign promises since the beginning of the democratic elections. People need change; a leader who could chase and eliminate these perennial problems and display mature composure in the decision making while under pressures.

Duterte's banner

          Duterte’s banner

With proven background experience in curving criminality and drug problems, unblemished record in graft and corruption as public officials, spend less for election-related activity, and draw a large crowd during the campaign trail, he will be the next president of the Republic of the Philippines. He is not fighting for his own glory but to bring hope to the countless masses of people who are poor, hungry, oppressed, and without a future.

 Only one politician claimed to be… Mayor Duterte. Vote for my presidential candidate, please!

Secrets Why Students Excel in Math

                   By Vic Odarve

 Math intimidates and frightens the students but there are few who did excel or perform far better and more consistently than their peers. Simply, they have their secrets…put a regular effort in their studies, hang with classmates with similar goals, and build a reputation for excellence. By keeping regular study on the notes after the class develops good retention of the subject; associating with fellow good learners can improve time management and developing positive attitude in order to excel. No wonder, these students are on the top of their Math class.

Engineering Students 200 level

Engineering Students 200 level

The study showed that the first in a two- hour lecture is the most effective period for memory retention. Faced with this dilemma, a review after the class is needed to recover part of the time where memory retention was least. Reading the notes for a few minutes after classroom strengthen further your memory. Any lapses and misunderstood notes can be easily corrected. Develop this habit regularly makes math understanding perfect!

Another behavior among students who excel in mathematics is that they select their friends. By keeping in a company and hanging around with good classmates or friends who always study mathematics in their school also bring a tremendous change in their behavior, lifestyles, manners, and actions. Oftentimes students slowly and slowly emulate one’s friend’s way of living in one way or another. Look, associate, and surround  only  with friends that give with positive influence; hang only to those that are supporting and enhancing their life, and filter their background and stick to one with the same mission and ambitions in their life. Select friends that are good math performers; they belong to their tribes. Top math performers have good time management for a study and outside classroom activities. They often hang with them.

Madonna University, Elele Campus, Rivers State, Nigeria

Madonna University, Elele Campus, Rivers State, Nigeria

Lastly, these students build a proper attitude to excel in mathematics. They do always the best that they can. In a classroom, they listen intently how teachers did the steps in solving math problems and think mathematically more than memorizing of facts. They often spot patterns in solving problems; systematically seek why and prove the steps. They always strive for the best grade. With competent teachers, coupled with a positive attitude, these students develop a kind of flexibility and creativity; hence, excel in mathematics.

With proper motivation and empowerment from a competent math teacher coupled with these behavioral tips and secrets from students who excel in math, more students will be no longer intimidated and frightened in mathematics.

Drink Moderately, Please!

     By Vic Odarve

While doctors confirmed that alcoholic drinks have benefits to human health, they often have a precautionary warning to the users… drink moderately. Research shows that moderate drinking does have health benefits physically and mentally; drinking in groups promotes enjoyment and friendship, but if taken excessively, alcohol destroys lives. Drink moderately, please!

Wines for all occasions

     Wines for all occasions

In order to have some substantial health benefits from alcohol beverages, one must have a moderate alcohol consumption. The study shows that a moderate intake can lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, protect against erectile dysfunction, helps prevent against the common cold, and in the process may lengthen your life.  Moderate amounts of alcohol raise levels of ‘good’ cholesterol, which are associated with greater protection against heart disease; reduced the chances of erectile dysfunction by 25 to 30 percent. Further research indicates that moderate drinkers were 23 percent less likely to develop cognitive impairment or Alzheimer’s disease and other kinds of dementia. A stunning health benefits!

Old folks at home

Since time immemorial, humans have been enthralled by alcohol.  Alcoholic drinks go hand in hand with many important celebrations such as birthdays, vacations, and anniversaries. Wine has been used as all sorts of stabilizing social purposes; promote social interaction, and become a part of the modern lifestyle. Few pleasures in life are more satisfying and memorable than sharing a splendid bottle of wine or cocktail around a dinner table filled with friends. It is a hallmark in almost all of the get together party and other sort of gathering; hence drinking wine facilitates social bonding. A word of caution, ”drink moderately”, in order to enjoy with your friends and loved ones.

Drinking beer during birthday party

Drinking beer during birthday party

An alcoholic excess has also meant appalling human wretchedness… alcohol has long shown us to be destructive. Excessive alcohol intake may destroy your life. There is an increased risk of developing diseases such as liver damage (cirrhosis), damage to the pancreas, certain cancers, heart problems, sexual problems and other conditions. Sometimes heavy drinkers strain a longtime friendship when friends decide to socialize with you less often because you misbehave when got drunk; or behave in an antisocial way. A dark side of people who often gets drunk!

In general, the more you drink, the greater the risk. Even the Scripture condemned heavy drinkers of alcoholic beverages. Noah became drunk; the result was immorality and family trouble. Lot was so drunk that he did not know what he was doing; this also led to immorality. Genesis 9:20-38.

Drink moderately, please!

Life is a Struggle

         By Vic Odarve

Life is a struggle whether one is poor, rich, and powerful. Poor people, which constitute the largest segment of the world’s population, have to struggle in order to meet both ends …foods, shelter, and education. Wealthy and the bigwigs of the society have to fight drugs, alcohol, relationship, sickness, and many more. World leaders, too, powerful as they look to be, have to struggle for the survival on their leadership due to political adversaries, deteriorating economy, and failed foreign policy. Whatever the colors and society, people must have to struggle in order to survive and prosper!

Life in the rural areas

         Life in the rural areas

According to a UN expert, nearly one-fifth of the world population or 1.4 billion people cannot fulfill the most basic needs every day. A few decades back poverty is concentrated in rural areas in most developing countries, but a recent study showed that urban poverty is also increasing as fast as cities are growing. These areas are refugees of drug addicts, criminals, and many epidemics that ravage a nation wholesome environments. Inadequate access to safe water, poor sanitation, overcrowding, and insecure residential status make the poor people’s life a miserable!

Living in an overcrowded city, this kid struggles to learn computer

Living in an overcrowded city, this kid struggles to learn computer

Life struggle does not spare the rich and famous. Although not on basic needs, they suffer in life lingering sickness, drugs, alcohol, relationships, and scandals. Singer Celine Dion is struggling in pain trying to make the best of last Christmas with cancer-stricken husband Rene, who is now battling a throat cancer for the last two years. Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple, had reached the pinnacle of success in the business world but ended his life struggling from pancreatic cancer in 2011.  A few years back, the singer-actor Chan, son of Jackie Chan pleaded guilty in a Beijing court for providing a venue for drug users and was sentenced to six months in jail. Life is a struggle, poor and rich alike!

Russian President Putin

Russian President Putin struggles on his foreign policy

History always reminds us that in order to survive and sustain their autocratic governance leaders have to struggle to stay in power. Countries like Russia, North Korea, and China, the leaders have  to consolidate their power with super wealthy backers, torture political opponents in jail at a moment’s notice, and maintain secret agents. Putin, for example, also struggles over his foreign policy in Syria and Ukraine, a problem on oil’s freefall causing the ruble to crash and slamming Russia with a depression. The lives of these leaders are in deep trouble and struggling in pain.

There is no way to avoid the struggles in life. And in every struggle, there is heartbreak, emotional trauma, and setback. But all these things can make people stronger and better.

Believe it or not, human struggle ends when life ends.

Nature’s Christmas Tree on Display

         By Vic Odarve

Seemingly unseen by many urban people and usually taken for granted or forgotten by the rural folks, nature’s Christmas trees are displayed in some parts of the African continent in a scintillating beauty…simple, unique, and awesome. From the ordinary palm tree hang a number of bird’s nests resembling Christmas toys, cards, and gifts. Unique as it is, birds are jumping in the bough of the trees as if singing the Christmas carols; celebrating the incoming Christmas seasons that Christians also rejoice. It is an awesome reminder for mankind that the tree, untrimmed and untouched by human skillful hands, looks like a Christmas tree. It is a nature’s Christmas tree on display!

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Nature’s Christmas tree, Rivers State, Nigeria, Africa

Simply from the common palm trees, they are decorated similarly to our own made Christmas tree. The tree is real and untrimmed; simply the birds’ nests hanging on the leaves as decoration, and birds gather around the nests reminded us like children exchanging gifts. Birds sing in unison as if a choir calling their presence of God the Almighty; they do this at the end of their daily activities before going to rest. The tree attracted everyone and people know how they loved the nests hang from the leaves of the tree. And it looks like a man-made Christmas tree. Absolutely beautiful and so simple!

This nature’s Christmas tree is something unique as it brightens the spirit of everyone. Instead of cards, expensive

Mayana Village at night

Mayana Village – Christmas season

gifts and long ribbons and garlands made out of beads to accentuate the color of your choice, birds’ nests were hung on the tree itself. Nature’s decors it for an elegant look! It never fails to bring smiles to people’s faces and proudly invites everyone for the perfect holiday season. People say the tree was the coolest, prettiest, and perfect Christmas tree. It is a unique Christmas tree; keep the people fully reminded and exactly what they wanted on a Christmas tree.

 

Christmas tree at home

Christmas tree, Davao City, Philippines

It is an awesome nature’s reminder! This tree reminds us of our strong spiritual connection to our Christian belief and to some extent, its display gives us a more joyous celebration; hence glorifying our God. It also shows our strong kinship and oneness with nature; the palm tree once again painted the scenes of serenity and grandeur described by the psalmist in the word of God. Although Christmas tree tradition dates back to the 16th or 15th century, which devout Christians brought decorated trees into their homes, to date we would do well to remember that they are ultimately symbols of the One who gave himself to mankind.

And as we greet the Christmas celebration, this palm tree decorated with birds’ nests is indeed the simple, unique, and an awesome Christmas tree that nature wants to display to mankind!

Merry Christmas to all!

Why do People Flock at Elele Pilgrimage Center?

                     By Vic Odarve

In spite of the weakening of Christian faith in our modern world nowadays, the monthly program among the faithful at Pilgrimage Centre, Elele town, Rivers State is still a big draw to thousands of Christians, and even non-Christians from all parts of Nigeria, Africa. Usually held every first Friday of the months, pilgrims come to the place for breaking of curses/yoke, pray for special favors such as healing from life- threatening illnesses, and for life-changing counseling and transformation. This power packed monthly celebration, brings all Nigerians from all walks of life to this place of worship.

Pilgrims attended the celebration

Pilgrims attended the celebration

Most Nigerians believe curses from ancestors such as shedding innocent blood, demonic societies, rituals and manipulations, and many others. The ministry runs the prayer to guide and teach the people how to free from satanic strongholds and complete freedom from curses and yoke. The pilgrims with the guidance of the priests, through prayers, provide sound, salient and scriptural insight on how to discover, destroy and be delivered from these evil power. The gatherings, they believe, lay them to be sincerely and completely free from curses and the yoke.

Easter Sunday celebration in Rivers State, Nigeria

Sunday celebration in Rivers State, Nigeria

While some are interested freeing the bondage on yoke and curses, others join the pilgrimage for special favors. Couples, barren or not, come and attend hoping to bear more kids. In Nigeria, most women do not embrace birth control as it goes against many of their cultures. That is why couples want to have as many children as they can. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, and previous attempts by the government to encourage adults to have fewer children have failed. The United Nations has estimated that the population of Nigeria could grow from 160m to 400m by 2050. In some cases, sickly and some people who could not afford to see doctors also attend this spiritual celebration to seek miracles for healing and cure; others have also joined for the solution of their numerous problems such as, unemployment and fiscal troubles.

The peace that Jesus gives is not fragile like the peace the world gives.

Pilgrimage Center at Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria

Of course, higher intellectual in our modern society in the pursuit of peace and happiness yearns to do closer communion with God Almighty. These people, most of them suffer from heavy burdens in life and lifelong struggling in pain over the devils, feel the journey to this pilgrimage center more life fulfilling and challenging. They will receive life counseling and transformation; receive religious grace and peace of mind. There they seek, in concert with thousands of our Christian brethren, spiritual nourishment, and deliverance. Priests who have distinguished themselves are chosen and be used as instruments of such purpose. The pilgrimage symbolizes the return to our Creator and hopefully to find peace and tranquility of this troubled world. Like Solomon, with all its riches and glory, these pilgrims want to find peace by surrendering themselves to God.

Highlights of the pilgrimage activities are day and midnight masses, testimonies, and inspirational talks from Catholic priests and bishops. Father Edeh, a Catholic priest and a man of deep religious faith, is the founder of the pilgrimage center. He is a household name in the area of breaking of curses/yokes, and healing of the sick through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. His miraculous works remain very popular and unequaled in the history of the Catholic Church in Nigeria. His counseling and teaching have molded the daily lives of these multitudes, giving them spiritual and moral guidance, certainty, and comfort.

With all the confusion of life and broken dreams from curses and yoke; asking special favors and healing; one must join the pilgrimage to Pilgrimage Centre at Catholic Prayer Ministry of the Holy Spirit at Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria, and the largest pilgrimage center in Africa. Attending this power packed monthly celebration will bring you peace with God.

Want to Work Abroad? Think it Twice!

                        By Vic Odarve

All over the world, people want to work away from their homeland to find a better life but  a startling number have awful stories to tell … maltreatment and poor working conditions, homesickness, and untimely job services termination. Working hours and environment are too hot and cruel to endure with; security problems of work areas makes their world smaller and isolated. But the most stressful and hardest thing of all is the pain of leaving one’s homeland …where loved ones, precious family, and friends are left behind. In some cases, overseas workers are caught unaware that termination of their services could be done anytime as their employers wish to. Want to work abroad? Think it twice!

OFW Nigeria

          OFW Nigeria

Less fortunate overseas workers, particularly OFW, revealed that working hours and environment are too hot to endure with; security problems of the workplace dictates not to leave the area without a police escort. Extended working hours, vacation leave without pay, and absence of bonuses or incentives feature the working conditions. These conditions are common to those working abroad as household maids or domestic helpers.  These workers often tell their harrowing stories of extreme oppression from their employers; sometimes a darker side of the stories include fleeing from their bosses. But there are also beautiful pictures; some more successful expatriates hired on respected high management positions, are treated and cared like royalties in a strange land.

Dubai Airport

              Dubai Airport

Leaving one’s homeland is a litmus test…where loved ones, precious family, and friends are left behind. Missing many moments …sitting on the bench enjoying the moonlights, sharing the joys and laughter with your wife and kids, relatives, and many more. The comfort, joy, and the memories of a place where someone grew up always haunting and playing the minds of the workers. These are gentle reminders how homesickness affects their lives in a strange land. That is why one of the workers wants to go home after a few months working in Africa. He realized that money, material and other lures of any kind are not as important to his family at home. He said. “I want to return to my precious family, even if I die of hunger.”

 Picnics and celebrations at home


       Picnics and celebrations at home

There are stories on fake working contracts signed at the homeland with the company representatives only to be altered with another one upon arrival at the working station. Others, too have the working contracts duration but not followed persistently by the employers.  Employers can terminate your services anytime at their own will. Some are unexpectedly fired from their job with no explanation given other than telling that his services are no longer needed. Still others, due to worsening peace and order situation were sent home immediately for their safety. That is, whether contracts are expiring or not. Such was the case of OFW working in Libya, Iraq, or Syria and other African countries.

OFWs' claim baggage section

                OFWs’ claim baggage section

Lack of job opportunities, lures of a better life in the future, and meeting all the financial needs for the family drive these OFWs to work abroad. Sending money back home becomes a source of fulfillment and a sense of responsibility. And for those who retire and have savings are fortunate when an awful golden age comes. But for those who returned home due to untimely work termination, abusive employers, and homesickness, have to find alternatives at their homeland to make a living.

Life is a struggle. The option to work or not to work abroad is yours. It has a brighter and darker sides, too. So, think it twice before the sun sets in the western sky! God bless!

Why do some Universities Teach Better?

         By Vic Odarve

Some universities teach better than others; hence producing the best quality of graduates. People believe that the performance of these universities largely depends on their management style; may a private or federal government funded. Whatever the reasons, these universities that teach better have common denominators, as follows;

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1.Highly qualified lecturers/teachers. This is the main factor that contributes to the student’s academic success or educational quality. Mathematically speaking, knowledge to be imparted from the lecturers is directly proportional to what lecturers are having.With highly qualified lecturers, there is a predetermined body of knowledge that the teacher should pass on to the student.

These universities believe that the qualifications and competency of the lecturers bear some direct correlation to their work as lecturers.  Retention of these lecturers/teachers maintains the good performance of the institution.  Good lecturers foster student mastery of more rigorous and challenging academic contents. They can create a positive learning environment in the classroom. These lecturers allow students to feel comfortable, safe and engaged – something that all students deserve. The academic success of any school depends on the instruction provided by the hands of able, high quality and committed teachers.

Engineering students

       Engineering students

2. Strong management supports to teachers/lecturers/students. These universities do have a strong support to the lecturers as well as students by having seminars, upgrading activities, incentives, and other forms of relevant enrichments.  Some do have programs for students such as allowing them to spend time in a clinic, establishments, or school to observe the work of a professional in the field. In most cases, the students may participate in the work in addition to field trips and on the job training.

3. Sufficient and modern laboratory facilities. These universities do have better and updated laboratory equipment and apparatus to meet the advancement of science and technology. Hands- on- training develops student skills and first -hand knowledge application from the classroom lectures. Students can conduct experiments that replicate or illustrate a scientific principle introduced in the course. Laboratory experiments are important in courses such as Physics, acoustics, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Laboratory sections usually augment lectures or discussions in the classrooms. Speech laboratories allow students to listen to audio tapes or use other interactive forms of instruction. These laboratories can provide necessary training for students’ creativity, insight, and analytical skills.

Advising student

                        As adviser

4. Offer competitive salaries. These universities offer attractive salaries to the lecturers. Good salaries tend to attract more competent teachers. The managements believe that with good salaries, lecturers would stay longer at the university, meet the cost of living, bring contentment to the teaching profession, and drive motivation in the day to day activities in the classroom.  The management does not focus too much on monetary profit.

 Universities with the above features teach the students better; hence producing world class graduates – extremely well prepared for high skilled-level jobs globally and potential for future world leaders and great statesmen. In contrast, low-performing schools do not give much attention to the above school environments.

Search on Aliens Thrills Humanity

                 By Vic Odarve

To date human effort to look for aliens still without success.

Although there is no direct proof of any aliens existing beyond Earth, the presence of many stars that harbors planets, liquid waters are found abound in some solar  system, and biblical account that recorded their visits make it difficult to believe that we are alone. Our universe is truly big and there are Earth-like planets located in the so-called Goldilocks zones- neither too cold nor hot.  Further, liquid water, which is the key ingredient of life, is common in some of these stars. The historical accounts written in the bible and other sacred documents, coupled with remains from ancient civilizations such as big stone edifices and the likes, prove that civilizations far advanced had once existed. And looking for these aliens thrills mankind.

These kids learn aliens from pictures and stories.

These kids learn aliens from pictures and stories.

Just think! Our universe is big with billions of stars spreading out in the vast cosmic ocean. Our Milky Way is just like a tiny drop of sand in long and winding beaches in our planet earth. Scientists think that there are aliens out there in the midst of these stars. An aggressive search for intelligent aliens started in 1970 when we sent Pioneer and Voyager missions carrying messages from Earth to the journey into interstellar space. And what’s more, astronomers do round the clock monitoring on radio waves and laser pulses to enhance the chances of detecting civilization many light years away. Scientists believed that the number of habitable worlds in our galaxy is certainly in the tens of billions. Recently, scientists have found a star flicker-light years away- known as KIC 846-2852, maybe an alien megastructure, a sign of alien civilization. And it draws an excitement, but still not yet conclusive.

Billions of galaxies are out there.

Billions of galaxies are out there.

And there is good news! Water seems to abound in some of these solar systems. Water is a key ingredient for life as we know it. And liquid water, it turns out, is fairly common out there. In our own solar system, Europa, a moon of Jupiter, appears to have a liquid ocean. Recently, the Curiosity rover found liquid water on Mars, a condition that could support life. Further, Comet Orbiter Rosetta has already sniffed out oxygen molecules…all that are important in life. But still, no intelligent beings exist there.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is ancient works with help from aliens.

But wait a minute! These extraterrestrial beings had already visited Earth! Abraham received three alien visitors! They came down from the kingdom of heaven. They were our Lord and the two angels. They even talked and dined with him. Genesis 18:1-10Moses, too, had seen and talked with one of these visitors in Mount Sinai. He was allowed to see his back only, but not his face. Simply because he was a sinner! And He said,” Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live”. Exodus 33:20. Then, there was a man named Jesus, who claimed that he was not from this world. He even claimed that he existed with his father before the world began! Luke 23:45 Then, there are some more! Ancient peoples could not have built gigantic and amazing structures such as Machu Pichu, the Great Pyramid, the Nazca Lines or even Stonehenge without a help from outside. The aliens must have done it. These structures are the living proofs that they were here before.

Pyramid of Egypt

Pyramid of Egypt

Our consistent effort to search for aliens still without success. But the thrill to meet them at least keeps our imagination fertile. Some scientists believed that if universe’s other intelligent beings have all died out, we are likely to, in the future. But if we find them, we may have hope to survive.

But the bible says, “Yes, they are coming soon and we can see them face to face! (Rev 22:4). The time is at hand. Believed and be saved. He is coming soon. This is the time when the thrill of our search on aliens may be over!

Sometimes a Little Deception Works at Airport

           By Vic Odarve

 Sometimes a little deception at airport works!

Vicodar observed that religious personalities like evangelists, ministers, priests, nuns, sisters, and brothers of Christian congregations were less likely interrogated during inspections at the airport.

International Airport

International Airport

 After the snakelike cordoned queuing in the immigration checkpoint at the international airport, Vicodar was told to replace his yellow fever card with a prescribed one in a nearby clinic. So he did! With only a few people in the office, he immediately handed his card to one of the officers. ” Good day Sir, May I change this card with the prescribed one?” The officer nodded and said,” Your passport, visa, and valid ID please!” Vicodar complied. After a few minutes, the officer asked” You are a foreigner, what are you doing here in Nigeria?” “Am a missionary here working with Faith Ministry in Port Harcourt, Rivers State”, Vicodar said with a smile. “So you are a priest”, the officer said. Thinking for a while, he said, “Ah….. ah… yes! Sir”. The officer looked pleased and seemed very courteous; fixed his signature and handed back the documents. Then Vicodar said,” Thank you very much, God bless you all”. Then the officer and his fellow workers said in chorus” Thank you, Father, Amen”.

Middle East Airport

Middle East Airport

Fully exhausted from a long travel the next leg of the trip finally brought him to the domestic airport. This time, he was met by a Rev. Sister. Queuing for almost an hour in a security screening, baggage inspection, and weighing stations, Vicodar was again called up by one of the officers to finally confirm his baggage before transporting to a waiting cart nearby.” Come here, show me your baggage and let me inspect what is inside!” one of the officers said. Sensing that the baggage would be opened again for inspection, he pointed to Reverend Sister as the owner. The sister was a few meters away; in religious attire! “Okay”, the officer said. Again, a little deception works!

Plane boarding inspection

Plane boarding inspection

While lying can leave us indelible torture in our conscience, but the same goes for being too honest and open. Why? Telling the truth may entail too much delay in interrogation or may end with solicitation. Remember the airport greeting “Do you have something for me?”

Vicodar is not a priest. He actually owns the baggage. He is a mere employee in one of the great schools in Nigeria. Outright lying works! A little deception is needed! It works at the airport.

 

Old Pictures; Beyond Forgetting

               By Vic Odarve

Seemingly unimportant and usually taken for granted or forgotten, old photographs capture precious moments, recalls the details, and remembers the traces of footprints of our yesteryears. Old photos are the living witness of the happiest or saddest moments; allows to recall all the details down the road and rewinding how life was spent in the times of our life.

Boy Scouts of the Philippines

          Boy Scouts of the Philippines

Yes, in my ancestral home, old framed pictures hanging on the wall remind me where I spent my childhood days, my great grandparents’ heydeys, and some of the most memorable parts of my life. In one of the photos, I was once a platoon leader of a boys’ scout group ready for jamboree competition to a nearby village. We were in complete uniform with a cap on the heads in a scout drill formation. Even in black-and-white, it was easy to tell that we were then kids schooling at Mayana Primary Schools. Scouting has been a part of my life for longer than I can remember. My parents told me that I have always loved scouting life during my primary education. And this old picture confirms!

Upon scanning more of the pictures, old memories gradually flash back and forth in my minds from the events of the distant past. The traces of memories that appear to disintegrate over time seem real and fresh. Looking back to my childhood days, with the days spent together with our great grandparents and country people, these memories are beyond forgetting!

           Mayana basketball team 1977

It is indeed enjoyable to see these old pictures. It stirs our memories and recalls the days of our youth. I would like to rewind the good old days when we played basketball games during fiesta celebration. Now, the village of Mayana is one of my favourite getaway destinations. Going back to the old trail of the San Miguel Academy, I can feel like walking through mist and clouds along the mountain ranges, meet all the fairies and magical creatures, and watch the birds doing orchestra along with the canopies. Remembering my good old childhood days, it is sort of feeling that cannot be captured on camera and more than the old pictures hanging on the wall.

  There really is no place like home. Old pictures remind me the places and events where I come from; the land of my birth, and with all its diversity, the good and the bad, I would like to go there first over anywhere else in the world. It is just proper to share our good old days and momentous moments to our sons and grandsons how we spent our lives before.

         Great grandmas

The Bible puts it;

“Only give heed to yourself and keep your soul diligently, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen and they do not depart from your heart all the days of your life; but make them known to your sons and your grandsons”. Deuteronomy 4:9

For us the living, the old pictures keep us remember and stir our memories. It is beyond forgetting!

Competent Math Lecturer, Please!

                 By Vic Odarve

“I hate math. It gives a headache every time I enter the class. The lecturer just copies a problem and its answer in a textbook and do little discussion, then complete the lecture period”, muttered one student after two- hour talk. A common complaint among students!

Math students doing seatwork

Math students doing seatwork

Unlike other courses where memory counts with a little class discussion, math lecturers must solve problems using mathematical calculations, discuss in a readable and compact manner, and persuade students to contemplate and enjoy math. Computation is a lifeblood in problem solving; hence math calculation skill of a teacher is needed. Further a teacher must have a deep understanding to enable a detailed step by step discussions as to whys the actions are done. Communication prowess allows the lecturers to organize the teaching methods in an efficient manner without much complication to students’ understanding. An amazing picture inside the schoolroom! That’s how a competent math lecturer teaches.

Math students

Math students

As solving math problems and exercises form part most of the activities in the classroom, lecturers must possess an outstanding skill in math computation techniques.  Math calculations are the primary elements in problems solving and most students struggle in pain over this country; hence math lecturers must have an extended knowledge in math.  Without this skill, course content roadmap may suffer; often part of the topics may not be discussed on what is supposed to be completed in a semester.

Math qualifications play an important role as lecturer

Math qualifications play an important role as lecturer

Ability to discuss well every step of the math calculation facilitates attentiveness of the students. Sensing that students fail to grasp the manner how the steps are done, the lecturer will slowly expound the subject matter and occasionally review the ways in every solution step. Lecturers must explain the principles and theorems succinctly and clearly; draw some parallel application to our everyday lives. A little review in a discussion that initially baffled them will all of a sudden make sense. Failure to understand the steps as to whys they are done results to poor math foundation. Then impending disaster awaits on the next level math course, as poor preparation takes its toll.

Lecturer at work

Lecturer at work

With competent lecturer, students experience a quite different teaching approach and style. The picture inside the classroom is clear: smooth sailing discussion, where all eyes will be on the board and ears to the lecturers and topics appear easy and simple. Relax and confident, lecturers can explain the course topics in a detailed manner; repeat the discussion as if they know what students are asking for.

Math courses are indeed difficult, but with competent lecturers, students who traditionally struggle math begin to build confidence. Math becomes a relevant and never a boring course. So, with a vibrant, expert, and competent math lecturer mathematics is simple and interesting. Good lecturers have the power to change the students’ negative attitude towards math.!

Students must enjoy and love math. Mathematics does have a purpose and a meaning. Being the language of nature, math unfolds the secrets of our universe… from dark matter to the gravitational waves – what are sometimes referred to as ripples in the curvature of space-time. In math competent lecturers really matter!

Birthday; A Reminder That you are Going Older

          By Vic Odarve

Unlike many celebrations in our modern world, the birthday party is personal and unique; that it commemorates someone’s day of birth, one chapter of life closes, and other pages will be opened. It is the day you have seen the first light and cried in your mother’s arms, announcing your arrival to the world. It also reminds that you have survived another year and one chapter of your life closes. Then another horizon will be opened and face what the future lies ahead; it’s another day. Simply, it reminds that you are getting older!

Birthday is like a fiesta celebration

It is being held in commemoration of someone’s day of birth; comes once a year. Often a gift of assorted designs decorated with celebrant’s age highlighted the occasion. The cake is studded with lit candles where the celebrant usually makes a silent wish and attempts to blow out the candles in one breath. In addition to family members, celebrant invites friends and relatives, to grace the occasion. Sumptuous food preparation at these celebrations includes noodles, which represent long life.

The life of an individual is likened to a book. The birthday, which comes once a year is compared to a life chapter. The celebration closes a chapter of celebrant’s life. All what one has done, an accomplishment for that year, is written and recorded. It is your book of life; God will open it in the judgment day. Birthday reminds you to look back your footprints of your journey in life; no matter how difficult or comfortable they were, they are part of your life. Glimpse your performance as they mirror your journey as another chapter in life closes.

                 Getting Older

As one chapter of your life closes, another one opens; full of hope and promises. It is seen as the start of a new part of your life; brings new optimism and insights on your future. This is another milestone; the fact that you have survived another year. Maybe it is the time to reflect your life and see what is needed to change; attitude or lifestyle or focusing on the good things you have not fulfilled in the previous years. Life is too short; it is the time to think again.

Birthday celebration differs from one culture to another; it depends on the religion and race. Simply this is a reminder that people are born in this world to fulfill something; why we are here and where we are going. Everyone loves birthdays, especially his or her own. Whether we like it or not, birthday reminds us that we are getting older.

Feeling Being Loved is a True Happiness

                 By Vic Odarve

“My husband wants to die in my arms”, said Celine Dion, who took time off from singing engagement to care for her husband, René Angélil, who is battling throat cancer. “But when you have family around and knows he is being loved, I think it helps tremendously”, she added.

Kids feel they are being loved

Kids feel they are being loved

Feeling being loved is a true happiness. Although fame, wealth, and pleasure make people happy, the feeling of being loved is a true happiness. Feeling being loved by your family, friends and relatives give a pleasant emotions. Also being loved by a community where you live in brings peace of mind; inspire to help others. More so, doing work that you truly love give strength and generates ingenuity. Experiencing of being loved and loving on what you are doing in life is a true happiness.

Happiness enables us to hurdle the ups and downs

Happiness fuels us to thrive in ups and downs of life.

Feeling being loved by our loved ones, family, friends and relatives affect us physically and mentally in countless ways. The happiness provides us with the fuel to thrive in the high and lows we encounter on our journey as human beings. It is the feeling of being loved that enable us to lift up over tragedies, sufferings, or painful moments of life. The feeling we got   through the spoken voice and written words and other expressions of supports keep our world go round. Like the husband of Celine Dion, although anguishing in pain over his sickness, but dying over in her arms, is itself an experience of true happiness. Feeling being loved is all that matters!

Doing something that gives you pleasure

Doing something that gives you pleasure

Doing charitable works in society, and living morally upright, turn out to be a true happiness. You will be loved by the people; a feeling that gives a sense of fulfillment of the purpose of your life; you know what you live for. Feeling loved cheers your life as a member of the society. The helping of the needy, poor, and those who have less in life and never expecting in return is God’s wisdom. Mother Theresa of India has done such thing; bringing help to suffering humanity. It is a true happiness.

With family around, it brings happiness

With family around, it brings happiness

More so, doing work that you truly love gives strength and generates ingenuity. This is a true happiness. The love of what you are doing keeps you consistently perform at higher levels. Your work gives you less stress. Edison, Einstein, and Newton, have something in common…they truly loved their work. Because of the work and dedication, the scientific world owes much from them since the invention of light bulbs to the theory of relativity and gravity in Physics. They do enjoy their job, and that’s why they are creative and resourceful —because they are.

While normal happiness derives from fame, wealth, and pleasure is dependent on material things that may lose in a blink of an eye, true happiness from feeling being loved can be felt by all walks of life…poor and rich alike. Feeling being loved gives fulfilling lives; brings peace to your mind, heart and soul. It is incomparable to happiness that material things bring. “Even I have a hectic work schedule, I go back once a month to help my dad and mom in the province to clean the house. I could buy everything for me, but could not ever even compare their love for me to any parents out there”, confessed one of the professors in a university. Feeling being loved really matters.

Staying Together

Staying Together

Feeling being loved gives us the true happiness that keeps us growing stronger to pace ourselves the ups and downs of life. Whether we are born poor, rich, and famous, feeling being loved is experiencing a true happiness!

If you feel nobody cares or loves you, you are worthless and your existence is awful to describe!

Try a Frugal Lifestyle, Please!

                      By Vic Odarve

Unless we are Bill Gates, Rockefeller, and other famous billionaires, living in a frugal lifestyle is a must.  Frugal living lifestyle frees us from debt, entails savings, and steers to a comfortable life. Freeing of debts means stretching your budget and meet both ends before monthly salary. With careful spending, one can set aside a certain amount for saving. Barring circumstances outside our control, with savings and debt free, life without any financial problems makes living comfortable. Try a frugal lifestyle, please!

Fiesta celebration needs not be expensive

Fiesta celebration needs not be expensive

Debt ridden individuals have something to do with someone’s state of controlling the money. They may have plenty of money coming into their pockets, but they could be spending unwisely. Bad habits and attitude takes their toll that they are not careful in the spending. Usually jealousy and insecurity. People sink in debt cannot sleep comfortably if he cannot acquire new iPhone, iPads, I-pods, etc. They feel being left behind. In a society, where bigwigs and famous personalities are adorned, they also want to be the chosen, the beloved, and the esteemed. That’s why, more often they dine in expensive restaurants and luxurious hotels, take fancy vacations, and living in a classy subdivision. It is a life unbalance equation; where expenses are greater than income, resulting in a bottomless debt.

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Family reunions need not be expensive

Conversely, frugal lifestyle goes in the opposite direction. Handling of money is done properly that results in savings. Spending money is just enough and controlled to provide for the basic needs of the family. Expenses must always be less than income with ample savings as an excess. Reduce unnecessary expenses. Putting diligently certain money for savings account. A habit to save even a small amount. Only buy new cars, clothes, and new gadgets once have a financial freedom. They set goals for the golden years ahead since nobody knows how long we live. Frugal living means spending less than what we have earned.

Picnics,outings,and celebrations

Picnics, outings, and celebrations

Living without significant debt and having savings for the future results of a comfortable life. With peace and happiness!  The journey will be pleasurable. Debt free people are inspired; feel an overwhelming sense of security.

However, there are situations in life when we are forced into a world of financial distress. Losing jobs, health problems where hospital bills consumed your savings, and other similar events outside our control. Then we realized that money is out of reach. But at least, your savings in the bank, have helped to cushion the impact.

Celebration with the Monks

Celebration with the Monks

It’s all part of the journey of life —fighting to live another day. Definitely gruesome, but for those who earn a meager income, frugal lifestyle becomes a necessity!

Perception of Mathematics as a Difficult Course

                 By Vic Odarve

Students, as well as parents, used to perceive math as one of the courses that give them headaches and nervous throughout in their educational career. There is a perception that those who have exceptional math grades after secondary level may enroll math extensive courses like engineering and computer science, while those who have poor have then enroll in other courses. They never realize that mathematics can be learned like any other courses. We are all created mathematically capable.

Rocket Irie

Rocket Irie- Math learning at an early age

The perception that math is difficult intensifies as science advances. Math is the language of science; hence it follows in that direction. Parents usually complaint that they could not help their students’ assignments as the lessons are out of their own world of understanding. Because of this perception, students, too, escape courses that cover extensive mathematics; and instead choose those with few mathematical descriptions. This is how they perceive; math puts them in frightening mode.

On the same line of perception universities and colleges require enrollees to pass qualifying entrance examination before accepting a particular degree. Math is the backbone of such examination. The qualifying entrance exams will determine the student’s fitness/capability for the career to choose. Those with good math scores for math extensive careers while those on boundary line may choose other fields of discipline.

Final Exam- Mathematics

Final Exam- Mathematics

But no matter how difficult mathematics is, the skill to understand and master the course can be learned. Except for those few gifted individuals, skills to manipulate and analyze mathematical concepts can be developed through hard work and dedication. Einstein, for instance, was not impressive in math during college days such that his professors did not recommend him for a university position after graduation in 1900. It was his work, dedication dealing with mathematical investigation concerning the foundations of field physics that yielded the elegant equation E= MC2.

Einstein- creator of E= MC2

Einstein- creator of  E= MC2

 

Wrong perception about math generally generates fear and passivity to learn and as a result your life becomes a whole mess. Like Einstein, success does not just come by accident. You work yourself through it. Have the courage to break away from negative perception and set the pace and others will follow.

Math-Anxious Parents

                By Vic Odarve

“Math is difficult. I could not get along very well with numbers. Just a set of equations and worded problems got me nervous and frightened”, exclaimed one of the parents whose daughter was at university studying engineering course. He is not alone. He may be one of the hundreds of parents following their child’s math performance at university. Indeed, math is difficult and providing help our students in math is one of the parental problems.

Parents must teach their kids on some apps program

Parents must teach their kids on some apps program involving math

Faced with the growing emphasis in Math in all schools from kindergarten to diploma levels, parents must assist math assignments to their children to whatever levels they are in in the education. It is a parental responsibility to see to it that progress has been made on their studies in all the courses. It is a part of parental monitoring process in order to guide them and what part of the study they could be of help.

Final Exam- Engineering math

Final Exam- Engineering math. The new exam hall can accommodate 3000 students.

With the advancing technology, math expands rapidly, such that most parents are left behind. Modern math, from kindergarten to university courses, is becoming complex that most parents no longer understand the whys behind at every step in computations. In the elementary level, it goes beyond the fundamental of addition and subtraction. Algebraic and probability equations in secondary education often grow into combinatorics and number theory, and differential equations and advanced math in tertiary level are coupled with transformations. These issues are out of the parental mathematical worlds. These require deep understanding that most parents are already grasping their breath. That’s why oftentimes they ignored their child’s request for assistance. Simply, it is because they do not understand as well. They could not give since they don’t have. Faced with difficulty, math anxious parents just keep their mouth shut and bite their lips in silence.

Parents have trouble understanding math notes

Parents have trouble understanding math notes

It is a parental woe. Parents look helpless. Hiring a private tutor is an option but most could not afford. They are trying to help the children in math but how. Some researchers suggest that  parents may enroll in math classes; employ learning tools such as math books or apps that may enable them to interact with the children in positive ways; and coordinate closely with the teachers on new teaching techniques and strategies. These may work, at least, to some degree.

Math-anxious parents are common in our modern society. But math is part of our life. Whether we like it or not, we must be in good terms with math. It is time for the parents to stop saying ‘I don’t like math’. There is no day without math. It not only describes our world, but it underpins everything we do. God bless!

Top Five(5) Performers MEC 232-Strength of Materials

Top Five (5) Performers  MEC 232-Strength of Materials

Second Semester 2014-2015

Below are the top 5 performers of Strength of Materials for the Second Semester 2014-2015 of Madonna University, Elele Campus, River State, Nigeria. Final Exam was given last July 31,2015. Final Score consists of Cumulative Assessment (CA) (30%) and Final exam (70%). There are 230 students in a class in MEC 232.

Reg. Number CA Final Exam Total Score
Top 1 SC/13/309

SC/13/385

27

25

65

67

92

92

Top 2 SC/13/437 25 65 92
 Top 3 SC/13/409 23 65 90
Top 4 SC/13/411

SC/13/500

SC/13/516

27

22

27

60

65

60

87

87

87

 Top 5 SC/13/279

SC/13/533

26

26

60

60

86

86

CONGRATULATIONS. KEEP UP THE GOOD WORKS!

Happy vacation for all!

  1. VICTOR E. ODARVE, BSME, MEP-ME,MAED, EDD, PHILIPPINES, ASIA

Final Exam Strength of Materials

Top Five (5) Performers – Engineering Mathematics 2

Shown below are the top five performers of Engineering math 2 for the Second Semester 2014-2015. Total scores include Cumulative Assessment (CA) and Final Exam. The final exam was conducted last July 29, 2015.

Rank Reg. No. CA (30 % ) Final Exam (70%) Total
1 SC/13/314

SC/13/337

SC/13/347

SC/13/404

27

27

27

27

65

65

65

65

92

92

92

92

2 SC/13/309

SC/13/451

26

26

65

65

91

91

3 SC/13/335

SC/T/13/263

 

25

25

 

65

65

 

90

90

 

4 SC/13/339

SC/13/316

24

26

65

63

89

89

5 SC/13/425

SC/13/481

SC/13/516

27

27

27

60

60

60

87

87

87

 

Congratulations! Keep up the good works. Happy vacation!

 

VICTOR E. ODARVE BSME/MAED/MEP-ME/EDD

MAYANA,JAGNA, BOHOL, PHILIPPINES

 

How to Develop Student’s Math Skills?

                                   By Vic Odarve

Like a game of chess, math involves analyses, deep understanding, and practice. Analyzing every steps as to why it is necessary is very critical in math calculations. Coupled with the analyses, deep understanding of the given information related to the problems makes the situation clear; hence solution will appear. Finally, practice by reworking similar types of math problems will give the students a thorough understanding. These habits develop student’s math skills.

Math lectures

Math lectures

Yes, in math, analyses of the full problems must be pictured out. These include the given information and the questions about the problems. Then think of the approach, methods to be employed, and the principle to be involved that you think will work on the problems, leading to its solution. If however you could not get through, review the lecture notes, if whatever, how the teacher works on the similar problems. Your approach can be different, but it can still be just as effective and yield the same answer. This prepares the students perk up to think of possible results; thus developing their mathematics skills.

Math exam

Math exam

Like the game of chess, deep understanding on every movement matters. With a sound foundation in the theories and principles, math problems can be worked out simpler. It also builds confidence. If it involves complex formulas, break it down into little parts. Analyze and read the steps. If you don’t understand, take a break. Your brain will continue to work on the problem subconsciously. You will often find that after a little work on the steps that initially baffled you, these make sense. Hence, it would be necessary to strive to understand mathematical concepts and its applications and what the math problems are all about. Understanding will develop your skills in math.

Madonna University , Elele Campus, Rivers State, Nigeria

Madonna University, Elele Campus, Rivers State, Nigeria

Practice math by reworking the same problems until no hitches on your solution. Work on your own until you are familiar with the type of the problems. It will give you an experience of what occurred. If you get stuck up, see your lecture notes. On applied math problems, always check your final answer if it is logical or reasonable. Always check the units of measurement involve as units sometimes will tell you that you get a mistake. Rework your classroom math problems at home until you are confident that you can do it alone. Practice makes perfect, after all.

Math is difficult but with the habit of analyzing, understanding the formulas and concepts, and ceaseless practice, it will grow your skills. And who knows that one day, you will become a mathematician.

Be Humble;God Loves a Humble Person

             By Vic Odarve

What many people might not know that there are some famous and wealthy people on this planet do not live in a fabulous and lavish living instead choose to live in a frugal and humble lifestyle. Some learned from their parents to be humble and to be happy without very many things. Learning the sentiments from the masses and experiencing what simple majority of masses live may have some influences. Some billionaires who became rich after hard work and sacrifices, just prefer to live simply and contented because they came from a poor family. Instead of spending their riches on yachts, mansions, and private jets, they choose to live in a frugal and humble lifestyle; hence worthy of admiration. God loves a humble person.

Mark Zuckerburg

Mark Zuckerburg – Facebook founder

Some wealthy parents do influence the children on how they live their future. At home, they trained their children to live in a humble and frugal lifestyle. Children were raised being happy with not so much in life. Google co-founder Sergey Brin (Net worth: $30.9 billion) publicly confessed. “From my parents, I certainly learned to be frugal and to be happy without very many things. It’s interesting — I still find myself not wanting to leave anything on the plate uneaten”. Their attitude did not change over time. To be humble is a lasting legacy from their parents.

Life experiences, too, teach us to live a humble lifestyle. A long struggle with the poor masses that resulted in jail may change your perception in life…live in a humble way. That is what happened to Uruguayan president Jose Mujica, who took office in March 2010. He was a former urban guerrilla fighter and imprisoned for 13 years during the military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s. He is the world poorest president who lives on a ramshackle farm and donates most of his pay; do laundry by himself outside the house with water comes from a well in a yard, overgrown with weeds; keep watch outside of only two police officers and a three-legged dog. Learning the sentiments from the masses and experiencing what simple majority of masses live may lead us to be humble.

Pope Francis

Pope Francis

Some celebrities are humble since on their grown up years. Because of humble beginning, they prefer to live as such. Their attitude did not change even though they are now powerful and wealthy. They still want to mingle with the common masses, join ordinary celebrations and daily chores as what they did before. Pope Francis is one of them. Although regarded as the world’s most famous religious leader and reside in Vatican City, he was seen having lunch at the Vatican workers’ cafeteria.  He got a free meal when he popped in unannounced at the Vatican workers’ cafeteria and lined up, tray in hand, along with stunning diners. But what many people might not know is Pope Francis is used to work as door guard and bouncer in a bar in Argentina before his priesthood. Another one is Billionaire Zuckerberg. He is the brain behind Facebook with a net worth of $33.3 billion, wed his longtime girlfriend Priscilla Chan in his backyard, and the pair was seen eating at a McDonald’s on their Italian honeymoon, instead of having a grand celebration in high places. They came from a humble beginning and continue to live as such.

A humble person doesn’t consider himself superior or inferior. He doesn’t need the attention of others to be elevated his standing in society. He does something for his fellowmen without even taking credit for it or expecting anything in return; does things without regard to personal gain. He thinks his help for others is fulfilled without the need for a thank you and lots of fanfare.

Plowing the rice fields

Plowing the rice fields in Mayana.

Jesus Christ, who was with his Father in heaven, humbles down to earth in human form and dwell amongst us. The Bible says “Though being divine in nature, he did not claim in fact equality with God,7 but emptied himself, taking on the nature of a servant, made in human likeness, and in his appearance found as a man. 8 He humbled himself by being obedient to death, death on the cross. 9 That is why God exalted him and gave him the Name which outshines all names, 10 so that at the Name of Jesus all knees should bend in heaven, on earth and among the dead. Philippians 1: 2-10

Whether a person is rich, poor, and famous, it is better to be humble; God loves a humble person.

Air conditioner Wastewater Twofold the Squash Production

                   By Vic Odarve

By accident, the dripping wastewater from an air conditioner produced a twofold squash production. The plant grew robust with no need of fertilizers. With little attention to care or cultivation, it bore more fruits as compared to the usual method of cultivation. Because of its phenomenal fruit bearing production, it always gave delight to our neighbors and visitors. Unknown to many, It was just a wastewater from the air conditioner that boosted the production to double.

Squash grew with dripping aircon wastewater

Squash grew with dripping aircon wastewater

The squash grew strong, robust, and healthy that its stems unusually produced plenty of branches like an enormous web that stretched out in all directions. Since it belongs to a vine family, the branches climbed to a nearby plant overcrowding other ornamental exotic decorative vegetation. The dark green coloring leaves differed significantly from the cultivated squash nearby which were having mostly yellowish in color. It appeared that the dripping wastewater from the air conditioner was rich in nutrients and supported its growth.

Fruit production twofold

Fruit production twofold

 Because of its rapid growth and robust development, there was little attention for extensive cultivation or care as to weeding or controlling grass growth. Its numerous stems and branches dominated the landscape such that it produced plenty of fruits during the harvest season resulting in a doubled production.

Fruit harvest

Fruit harvest

The plant was awesome to look at. Even neighbors and visitors in our nearby community who once visited our campus could not believe in what they were seeing. Squash, the fruit of vines of the genus Cucurbita, grew amazingly right beside in our room window where water droplets from our air conditioner were disposed.

 Mother Nature demonstrated that wastage from an air conditioner was not a waste at all. It was just enough to water the plant and support the required nutrients. Just a mere accident and saw how we discovered the secrets of doubling the squash production! From a waste of our air conditioner, a squash production was twofold!

Transformation in Math and Spiritual Worlds

                    By Vic Odarve

Only few people believe that transformation offers greater understanding in math and spiritual worlds. It gives a short cut and easier solution in complex math operations; offers another level of understanding and challenges beyond the scope of current theories in a higher dimension not seen before. It paves the passage into an understanding of the world beyond our finite mind and enable us to connect into the unknown. Since time immemorial, mankind is slowly trying to decipher the secrets in math and spiritual worlds through transformation.

Laplace Transformation gives shortcut solutions to calculus problems

Laplace Transformation gives shortcut solutions to calculus problems

Mathematical transformations, as another method of solving mathematics, enable the students’ thorough understanding. Most transformations give a short cut solution, easier to manipulate, and eliminate difficult traditional calculations. As mathematicians try to squeeze our mental faculties in finding shortcuts in some of our established mathematical concepts, they find out that transformations at some level can solve problems much simpler as traditional methods can offer. Transformation is another avenue in a realm of mathematics. It is another passageway. It is like wormholes that scientists want to explore in an intergalactic voyage into the unknown. Wormholes are shortcuts through time and space.

Transformation connects mankind to spiritual world

Transformation connects mankind to the spiritual world

Most common mathematical transformations are logarithms, Laplace transforms, z transforms, etc. Transformation makes unconventional and difficult problems easier. It is just like asking the result of addition VI + XII? To make the computation easier, transform these Roman numerals to Arabic and transform back the answer into Roman numeral. That is, 6 + 12 = 18 or simply VI + XII = XVIII. That’s it. Simply amazing! The same case of logarithm where it transforms multiplication and division processes into a mere addition and subtraction, respectively. Laplace transformation does the same trick. Laplace transformation change differential and integral equations into multiplication and division algebraic polynomial expressions. Z-Transforms, a discrete equivalent of Laplace transforms, is another type of transformation used in signal processing, economics, and related fields. As our knowledge and understanding of our environment becomes more complex, the need of these transformations is necessary.

Faith transforms mankind to eternal God

Faith transforms mankind to eternal God

Not only mathematics employs transformation. The bible, the source of our moral foundation of our Christian world, employs transformation to let mankind understands the messages from God. Biblical people transform themselves to a certain level, from flesh into spirit being, to enable them to talk with God. It is in this way that God the infinite can communicate mankind the finite. Revelation, for instance, John transforms into spirit form that enable him to write a book of prophesy on how mankind lives now to the end of time. (Rev 1:10) Still in spirit form the angel shows him the events that will lead to the end of history of mankind.

God, dwells in heaven, transforms Himself from spirit in human form to meet Abraham on his plan for Sodom and Gomorrah destruction. In that concluding encounter, Abraham said” What am I Lord, I am only dust and ashes”. Exodus 18:27.  Death is another transformation. Death is not the end of our existence. It is just a transformation from flesh to spirit – another level of existence, thereby enables us to unite with God in his kingdom. It is a spiritual kingdom. God is spirit and we too face Him in spirit.  Man is a spirit, with body and soul. Man’s spirit is an immaterial part that separates from the physical body after his death. Whether we like it or not, one day we all transform from physical body into spiritual existence. The bible says,

” So I want to teach you this mystery: although not all of us will die, all of us have to be transformed, in an instant, at the sound of the trumpet. You have heard of the last trumpet; then in the twinkling of an eye, the dead will be raised imperishable, while we shall be transformed.” 1 Corinthians 15, 50-51.

Thus, with various transformations, math understanding deepens and spiritual wisdom heightens.

MEC 232 Strength of Materials Final Exam Review

Strength of Materials Final Exam Review. Try solving the problems below in preparation of the exam. Similar problems will come out. Bring individual calculator.

  1. A piston rod of a reciprocating water pump is 18 mm diameter and 100 cm long. If maximum elongation is not to exceed 3 mm and E = 206,785 x 10 3 kpa, determine the allowable load, KN.
  2. Determine the diameter of the steel rod which is stretched between two walls if the allowable stress is not to exceed 138 MPa at – 20 . The rod carries a tensile load of 5000 N at 20 C. Assume coefficient of thermal expansion 12.1 m/m and E = 196 GPa.
  3. A concrete column 280 mm in diameter is reinforced with steel to support an axial compressive load of 700 kN. Determine the area of the reinforcing steel if allowable stresses are 8 MPa and 130 MPa for concrete and steel, respectively. E for concrete = 14 GPa and E for steel = 200 GPa.
  4. A machinery, solid shaft 4 inches in diameter is driven by a 36 inch gear and rotating at 120 rpm. If the allowable shearing stress is 10 ksi, determine the transmitted horsepower.
  5. A concrete column 250 mm in diameter is reinforced with steel to support an axial compressive load of 600 kN. Determine the area of the reinforcing steel if allowable stresses are 8 MPa and 130 MPa for concrete and steel, respectively. E for concrete = 14 GPa and E for steel = 200 GPa.
  6. A rod whose unit mass is 3800 kg/ m3 has a cross sectional area of 390 mm2 and 250 meters long. If the load of 40 kN is applied at its end and E = 200 x 10 3 MPa, determine,a) elongation due to its own weight, mm b) elongation due to the applied load, mm c) total elongation , mm
  7. A petrochemical plant uses a cylindrical vessel as storage for its chlorine gas requirement. The storage is 90 mm diameter, 4 mm thick, 4 meters length. Determine the maximum internal pressure in the tank can hold if the maximum allowable longitudinal stress is 28 MPa and maximum circumferential stress is 12 MPa.
  8.      Calculate the maximum allowable pressure of a sphere 100 mm diameter with a wall 0.6mm thick if allowable stress is 2 MPa.
  9. A steel tank at the Boy’s hostel is open at the top, ¼ in thick, 24 feet in diameter and 48 feet high is filled with water. Determine the maximum circumferential stress. Ans. 11980.0 psi
  10. A concrete beam 20 meters long and weighing 2 t0ns is carried by a steel and bronze cable shown on page 36 (workbook). Determine the smallest areas of bronze and steel cable if the maximum allowable stress for bronze is 100 MPa and steel is 150 MPa.
  11. A wooden uniform beam AB is 72 meters long, weighs 120 kg and loaded as shown. At what point must the beam be supported so that it may rest horizontally? Let the resultant of these forces passes through point D. Refer to page 23 in your workbook in the diagram.
  12. A beam shown on page 22 (Workbook) has a uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m. If the span is 20 meters long, find the reactions at A and B. Use equilibrium and virtual work method.
  13. A 30 m –beam of the bridge is loaded as shown in page 22 Workbook. Determine Ra and Rb. Use the equilibrium and virtual work method.
  14. A steel rod is to withstand a pull of 10,000 pounds. If the ultimate stress is 50,000 psi and a factor of safety of 4 is used, determine the diameter of the rod.
  1. What force is necessary to punch a ¾ “diameter hole in a ½ “ thick plate? Ultimate shear strength of the steel plate is 50,000 psi.

 

  1. The beams are loaded as shown in example 1 page 127 and example 2 page 131 in our workbook. Study how to draw the load, shear, and moment diagram.

 

  1. A rectangular steel bar 1 /2 “ wide by 1/8 “ thick and 80 inches long  is bent by applying forces at the ends. Midpoint deflection is 2 “. Determine the bending stress in the bar if E = 29 x 10 6
  1. Determine the maximum flexural or bending stress developed on a belt 10 mm wide by 0.20 mm thick running over a pulley 400 mm in diameter. Assume E = 100 GPa.

 

Corrupt Politicians and Justice for Sale

          By Vic Odarve

With strong connections from the justice departments, billions of dollars at their disposal, and being members of a solid and influential political dynasty, politicians may be safe from the bribery and corruption charges. Normally corrupt people who have a strong connection with the judicial officers will be saved from the lawsuit. Political leaders, who became billionaires from illegal government transactions, are expected to pass aside from the court investigation. Strong political influences do extend its arm in hiding unlawful acts perpetrated by a member of any political dynasties. This is the modern landscape in our democratic world; government and wealth… with the skillful maneuvering may save politicians from imprisonment. It is justice for sale!

binay-establishes-family-political-dynasty-now-in-hot-seat

Binay-establishes-family-political-dynasty-now-in-hot-seat

Yes, strong connection to any one of the judges could do marvels. Usually connection dates back from the feudal time where grandparents are close with each other, friends, schoolmates, and events that were shared together. Some judges do some favors as personal gratitude as a long- time friends and allies, and for aiding and defending them in their time of difficulties. It is the payback period. That is why some politicians, despite proof of voluminous files on graft and corruptions for cheating billions of dollars, the case drags slowly until it fades off to limbo. Case stands still like time and space in black hole due to strong gravitational pull.  It is a frustrating scenario to the electorates and voting public in general. Strong connections work!

Bong Revilla is implicated in a pork barrel scam

Bong Revilla is implicated in a pork barrel scam

The color of money still makes the difference. Politicians who are billionaires can afford good lawyers who will defend everything at all cost just to twist the case on the client’s favor. On that point are reported instances that some members of the magistrates allegedly facilitated the sale of court decisions, influencing other justices to find in favor of the clients for a monetary value.  Take the example of the mayor of Makati City, Philippines. When an anti-graft court issued 60-day suspension to a city mayor, Court of Appeals came to the rescue. The Court of Appeals issued a temporary restraining order and then a writ of injunction on the Ombudsman order. The Senate investigating committee accused two Courts of Appeals justices of receiving money from a Makati mayor in exchange for an order restraining the Ombudsman from suspending the mayor under investigation. Worse, people clamor that CA justice is for sale. This restraining order saved the mayor from suspension. The color of money makes the difference. Justice is for sale!

Marcos regime is one of the most corrupt in the history of  governance.

Marcos regime is one of the most corrupt in the history of governance.

Political dynasty has always influenced the court cases. Politics does influence the judges’ decisions considering their stakes in some of the client’s social and business circles. Some justices are appointed by the political kingpin of the particular area of legal power; others are associated with their jobs. With dynasty, democratic exercise can be easily manipulated for selfish ends; enabling them to stay in power. In this way, they have monopolistic control over the economic resources within given territorial jurisdictions or bailiwicks. In areas where landlords and political clans dominate, justice usually runs to the favor to the mighty and powerful. Political dynasties rule!

Indonesia Suharto regime was widely seen as corrupt in 1998.

Indonesia Suharto regime was widely seen as corrupt in 1998.

But not all politicians and justices are built the same. There are few who are not after for money nor being afraid of the famous and powerful men in society. They fought and adhere to the law. That is why some politicians who earn billions of money from the public funds are put behind bars. Such was the example of former Nicaraguan president Alemán who, in 2003 was charged with corruption and embezzlement, found guilty, and sentenced to 20 years in prison.  Marcos and Suharto regimes are also remembered for the rampant corruptions at the highest levels of the government. Both of them lost support from fellow politicians and justices at the brink of their governance.

Too much politicking, corruption, and political dynasties are widely blamed for weak democracy. These are the underlying reasons why cheaters in our government offices escape from punishment. Fighting corruption and cleansing judicial judges are necessary. It is a painful process, but must be done. Crooked politicians and justices with corrupt inclinations must be out of our generation. Justice is not for sale!

Exam and Discipline; No Copying, Please!

                      By Vic Odarve

Without warning, a teacher slapped the student’s face twice after being caught twisting his head to copy another student’s script during the final exam of the course. The student simply did nothing in response after seeing perhaps a million stars twinkling in heaven! In another cheating incident, the lecturer tore the script into pieces before his very eyes in the closing minutes of an exam. Scripts were nothing more than a waste thrown into a garbage can. Surely, this student failed the course! “No copying, please!” the teacher warned.

Final Exam in Engineering Math

Final Exam in Engineering Math

The above scenarios are common sight during final exams. Twisting the heads to almost 360 degrees with eyes dangling a mile just to see and copy the scripts of the classmates seems an eyesore inside the exam room. Sometimes invigilators of an exam talk in a stern voice but lose and raise tempers; hence slapping of faces has acted in.  Copying is more prevalent at the last minute of the exams such that teachers can be seen confiscating scripts and tore them into pieces.  “I am not surprised by this cheating. I have seen this for so many years. It is already in our culture and these strong punishments are messages to our students during final examinations”, quoted one native professor. So be it!

African university, Nigeria

African university, Nigeria

Eastern and western countries have different modes of disciplining college students’ misdeeds. Scripts are merely confiscated and advised the students to go out the classroom quietly. Some schools are stricter when it comes to examination time. In China, for instance, lecturers are allowed to slap students in the face and kick out of the class. But in most countries, physical harm is to be avoided or else you will end up in a court battle. Here, we can beat students with a stick, slap their faces, and kneel before you. And they will not bring you to a court!

But in no way cheating is pleasing to the eyes of God and mankind. Copying one’s scripts during final examination is synonymous to cheating. Whether these disciplines are an extra mile or just a quite short with the red lines established in the student’s manual, this university is not lifting her hands in defeat. Whether one is cheating or copying scripts or corrupting millions of government funds, one is certain: in the last days, we will face God face to face and be judged according to our deeds.

 “I am coming soon, bringing with me the salary I will pay for each one according to his deeds”. Rev 22:12

Glory to God in the highest. So be it!

EMT 202 Engineering Math 2 Quiz 2

Our second quiz will be on Monday, June 22, 2015. Please review the following matrix methods in solving unknowns for sets of linear equations.

  1. Cramer’s rule. This method makes use of the determinants in finding the solutions. Using the minor’s method, determinants can be solved easier. Very important for the minor’s method is the use of the conventional signs. Any rows or columns can be utilized as long as conventional signs are observed. Then use the formulas for the unknowns.

2. Gaussian Elimination method. This is the most used among the upper triangular matrix system in solving sets of linear equation. Of course transform first three sets of equation into the augmented matrix form. Any legitimate row operations can be used to achieve the required upper triangular matrix. Then, finally, back substitution will solve the unknowns.

3. Gauss Jordan. This method is just a continuation from Gaussian elimination by making the diagonal line into 1’s and zeros upper and lower matrices. Row operations are used to attain the form. Since the diagonal elements are 1’s, unknowns can be solved readily.

4. Inverse Method. This is derived from the AX= b equation. Of course, A is a coefficient matrix, X represents the unknowns, and b, are the constants. Transforming such equation into X = A -1b, may solve the equation where A -1 is the inverse of A.

 

Try the sets of linear equations below. Solve the following sets of equations by

a) Cramer’s rule b) Gaussian elimination

c) Gauss Jordan method d) Inverse method

                       2x – y + 2z       = 7

                        x + 3y -3z        = 10   

                        3x – 2y + 3z    = 5

Answers:        x = 1                y= 11               z= 8

  1. Victor E. Odarve, BSME/MEP-ME, MAED, EDD

Mayana, Jagna, Bohol, Philippines, Southeast Asia

Where to Live After Retirement

                                                By Vic Odarve

To find a great place to live after retirement is not an easy task. Environment, climate, and cost of living should be on the top priorities. Environment includes its neighborhood, crime rates, and cultural diversity. Weather, too, considering the extremes, cold and hot, often affects old age health. Living cost, for many, must be sustained. The golden age years is a life altering event; hence a place to live in must provide a great sense of joy and happiness.

Touching the lives of the grown up kids

Touching the lives of the grown up kids

The environment dictates the way on how you live. And it is just a matter of your choice. It could be from rural areas to a bustling city or in the land of your birth. It depends much on your way of life… spending time in sandy beaches to forested scenic beauty or to cities nightlife. Others want to sing hymns and praises in the name of the Lord; thus devoting more in the church activities. It is getting to the part of life where we can just enjoy after retirement.

Living in a place of your birth is one of the options

Living in a place of your birth is one of the options

After getting a good and sound environment, extreme weather conditions must be checked. The place must not be extremely hot or cold. Temperate weather throughout the year is usually the best. Typhoons, hurricane, tsunamis, and other related weather disturbances can be a threatening scenario among older age. Weather conditions must not affect any of your health problems. Excruciating pain from rheumatisms, muscles aches, and heart problems are largely aggravated by an extreme weather.

Whether you have enough savings or investments, the cost of living could not be taken for granted. Savings and investments sometimes go wrong. Bank closures and investment misfortunes are in the mess. Usually, living in great cities, cost of living is higher than nation’s average; but for those who can afford with the lifestyle, it may set up your mood. It also has all the required amenities and is pleasantly bustling city life. Try to locate one which is the most cost effective and safest cities in the country. Select a quiet, and peaceful cities where the crime rates are impressively low. Living in rural areas, however, are not expensive as in cities and it may help well to sustain your daily needs because you do not know how long you live. Some retirees may live 100 years or more—a centenarian— a rarity, but today it is common. Whatever you have money in banks or investment, it can be sustained further by choosing your lifestyle in retirement.

Davao city is one of the top ten (10) safest city of the world.

Davao city is one of the top ten (10) safest city in the world.

You ought not to spend your life at home alone in old age! Although money can give conveniences, there are happiness and enjoyments that make your retirement life worth living. Friends, relatives, family, and good health are far more important than your large savings or investment. If by God’s will you have enough resources, learn to share with others and it will transform your life. Being a grandparent, leaving your sons and daughters and their grown up kids

Relatives and friends are more precious than bank accounts and businesses.

Relatives and friends are more precious than bank accounts and businesses.

successful makes you feel happier.

Indeed, to find a place where to spend the twilight years is a difficult task. Like Elijah on his journey to Mount Horeb, the angel of the Lord reminded him;

“Get up and eat, for the journey is too long for you.” 1 Kings 19:7

Indeed, life is a journey, nothing less. A place to live in our twilight years must be prepared.

Teachers are Touching Lives

                             By Vic Odarve

Although parents have greater influence to shape the lives of their children, teachers, too, do touch their lives while they are on schooling. The lessons learned from the classroom lectures often equip them for their future job. Disciplinary measures and its corresponding actions are imposed to mold students to become a better citizen. Moral and spiritual importance derived from the classroom training influence their overall personality development. Though, maybe a short or long period of years, teachers do shape their future; hence touching and influencing the lives of the students.

Grandparents do touch the lives of the grown up kids

Grandparents do touch the lives of the grown up kids

The world inside the classroom is their second home…with teacher acts as a parent. It is in school they learn the importance of advanced education to achieving their desired field of interest or discipline. Students acquire the necessary skills they needed in the hope of landing a better and a decent job in the future. Recently, while inside the shopping mall, I ran into my former student whom I did not recognize. “Sir, you don’t remember me?” he asked. “No, I don’t. What’s your name?” I asked. He gave me his name and explained that he was my former student

Teachers touch the students' lives

Teachers touch the students’ lives

in mathematics. After a few minutes of conversation before we parted he said seriously with a gratifying gesture,” I learned a lot of things in mathematics under your lectures and most of them are used in our petrochemical plant operation. I want to say,”thank you, Sir.” Then he walked and bid bye.

In the classroom, discipline is always in the making. It is like a nucleus, a center of an atomic structure. It is always a

Do it for the glory of the Father sitting on the throne.

Do it for the glory of the Father sitting on the throne.

component in a teacher’s teaching strategy to promote peace and orderly management. Well-disciplined students mirror the personality of the teacher as well as the academic institution. Cheating, ranging from old-fashioned writing on the hands to high-tech spy cameras, is not tolerated. Penalties are well defined in the student’s handbook. Imposing a good discipline will mold students to become a better citizen.

To prepare them a responsible individual, students are trained how to share their knowledge and assist others in the classroom discussions. Topics assignments, classroom group activities such as laboratories and the like, build the trust and camaraderie among the peers as well as develop their personality. In one of the international convention, one of the presenters was my previous student. He presented a paper “How to learn math quickly”?  I could not believe it! After a short conversation, he confided that it was in my class that he was challenged and learned much about how to learn and love mathematics. In returned he wanted to share his experience in overcoming the fear of taking engineering mathematics in this university. That was it. He wanted to share and touch more lives among our students taking engineering courses; expound his experiences the ups and downs, and show to them how he conquered and shifted to a new paradigm. In my little way, I have touched their lives.

To my surprise, this petrochemical Engineer and presenter in an international convention were not even in my list among the top classroom performers.

Today while in the classroom, we cannot read the impact of our teaching in shaping their future. On several occasions, I was moved and touched. I was dumbfounded and could not say anything. Students expressing their success and gratitude are the evidence that teachers are part of their future. It was a feeling of joy and fulfillment! I did not expect that I have touched their lives. Jesus once said,

 What you have done to the least of your brother, you have done it unto me.” Matthew 25:40.

Touching lives bring us to a greater heights with the One who is sitting in the great and splendid throne, with a river of life, clear as crystal, gushing from the throne, and his kingdom will reign forever. Rev 20:11, 22; 1, 22:6.

Indeed, teachers touch and transform the lives of their students and they have done it to the glory of our God the Father!

Easter Sunday Celebration with Father Edeh

                      By Vic Odarve

Like all other Christians across the world, Father Edeh celebrated Easter Sunday with Eucharistic mass and charitable works. As always in the past the homily reminded the faithful, that it is the resurrection that gives life and hope to every Christian believer.

Easter Sunday celebration in Rivers State, Nigeria

Easter Sunday celebration in Rivers State, Nigeria

Jesus resurrection, an event around 2000 years ago, gives hope to people around the world  to change for a better and challenging life. They also want to resurrect their lives from the deadly trap of the evil. Some Christians are living dead! Living in the midst of corruptions in our wicked world! They are the modern Pharisees; religious outside, but rotten inside. But Jesus says, “I am the resurrection; whoever believes in me, though he dies, shall live.”- John

Father Edeh distributed foods and drinks

Father Edeh distributed foods and drinks

11:25. With this reminder, Christians rebirth and change for a better. Resurrection is one of the biblical events that shape human history.

Last Easter Sunday at the Catholic Prayer Ministry, Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria, Africa, an estimated 6000 people, young and old alike, flocked to celebrate the day with a religious man they fondly called Father Edeh by the Nigerian. After a Eucharistic mass, Father Edeh prepared,

Pilgrims attended the celebration

Pilgrims attended the celebration

packed lunch and soft drinks and distributed to everyone who attended the celebration. Thus, all the people were filled with joy.

Father Edeh has done this activity every Easter Sunday celebration of the year.  Like Mother Theresa did in the streets of Mumbai and Calcutta, he lifts and kindles the hearts of our poor brothers and sisters in Nigeria, Africa and in the process strengthens their faiths in our Lord Jesus. It’s a wonderful job. He has done what our Lord has commanded to us. Jesus says” What you have done to the least of your brothers, you have done it unto me.”He has done it.

Father Edeh is the director and Father Founder of the Catholic Prayer Ministry of the Holy Spirit of the Eucharistic Adoration Elele, Nigeria. Like most famous religious leader, he celebrates Easter Sunday on charitable works.

Departed Souls Await Judgment

                                                 By Vic Odarve

After death life continuous! Spirit of the souls, the immaterial part of a man, travels to a temporary place where souls await the final judgment.

Compartment of the Sinners

Compartment of the Sinners

But there was a man named Enoch, who walked with God heavenward so that he did not see death. (Heb 11:5). Being a righteous man, God gave him a privilege like a tourist. He toured this soul dwelling place with the angel Raphael as a guide. The place was already inhabited; the spirit of the soul of Abel was there.

As described by Enoch, the dwelling place of departed souls consisted of four hollow places; deep and wide and very smooth

Righteous Men Compartment

Righteous Men Compartment

and dark to look at. Here are the divisions, as follows;

  • The first one was for the righteous that died at the hands of the sinners. This division has a bright spring of water.
  • The second was for the saints. Such has been made for the spirits of men who were not righteous, but sinners, who were complete in transgression, and of the transgressors they shall be companions: but their spirits shall not be slain in the
    Angel Raphael as tour guide

    Angel Raphael as tour guide

    Day of Judgment nor shall they be raised from thence.’

  • The third was for sinners who were not punished while living on earth. Here their spirits shall be set apart in this great pain till the great Day of Judgment and punishment and torment of those who curse forever and retribution for their spirits. There He shall bind them forever.
  • The fourth was for sinners who were partially punished while on earth. And such a division has been made for the spirits of those who make their suit, who make disclosures concerning their destruction when they were slain in the
    vlcsnap-2015-04-03-09h28m19s141

    Deep, dark, smooth, and hollow places

    days of the sinners.

The picture is clear. God made four compartments for the departed souls. Even Abraham was seen there in the righteous compartments with Lazarus! When the rich man died and was in hell where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham and Lazarus afar off and asked help. Abraham replied: Between your place and ours a great division/chasm has been fixed so that no one can cross over from here to you or from your side to us. Luke 16:26

 Everybody is bound to leave his earthly suit and every soul returns to where it belongs. One thing is certain: somebody owns our souls and identifies the ones that are doomed for destruction.

“For every living soul belongs to me, the father as well as the son-both alike, belong to me. The soul who sins is the one who will die.” Ezek 18:4 NIV

The choice to which compartment you prepare is yours and is irrevocable when the dust of all the cities incarnadines the sunsets of the world.

Loosen Your Toxic Friends

                      By Vic Odarve

If they amplify problems in your life instead of giving solutions, it is now time to loose these toxic friends; they are opportunistic, disrespect, and insecure.

Toxic friends are opportunistic; looks so pitiful and sorrowful when asking help. But once your help is over, they abandon your friendship and never look back. They are on your side when you have something to give, and do opposite when you have nothing to share. They never feel obliged to render help when you need them most;instead, they do manipulative moves to achieve their ends. Loosen now your toxic friends before it is too late to discover!

This beautiful scenery allows you to forget your toxic friends.

They treat your friends with disrespect. They exploit the mistakes of others, even pointless; often make unsolicited remarks about others shortcomings during group meetings, acquaintances, and associations. They want your friends to become a target of ridicule for a sole purpose of propagating jokes; make them as a source of their enjoyment. It is their pleasure to see their friends committing mistakes or misfortunes. But if somebody will do the same to them, say, a joke on their error or mistake, they will confront the person like a wounded tiger. If your friend does this to others chances are he will not respect you, too. A good friend will treat everyone with respect.

Toxic friends are jealous and insecure. He cannot sleep comfortably if he cannot fit your new iPhone, iPads, i-pods, etc. He feels being left behind. In a society, where bigwigs and famous personalities are adorned, they also want to be the chosen, the beloved, and the esteemed. If they failed, the natural instinct is to tear the friends down. Though act as a good friends in the daily meeting, deep down in their heart they feel devastated that you’ve overtaken them in some areas of life. These friends take the pride in relating how he did successfully in some illegal activities, putting their friends down, and idolize the corrupt and famous personalities.

Friend is like a sunset. It has an end.

Friendship is like a sunset. It has an end.

If these telltale signs are clear to you it may be the time to loosen your partnership with them gradually. If you could not ward off getting rid of the group association for some reasons, the best way is to minimize your acquaintances.

These demonstrate the dark sides of human nature. Toxic friends may just bring you heartaches, sickness, and endless misery. It may bring you unwanted drama in your life and may end yourself in a disaster. Spend with your friends, which you think are your model whose solid character as true friends brings you a positive outlook in your life. These toxic friends, wicked and living in the darkness as they are, must be loosened. The Bible tells us so, 2 Corinthians 6:14-15

14 Do not make unsuitable covenants with those who do not believe: can justice walk with wickedness? Or can light coexist with darkness,

15 and can there be harmony between Christ and Satan? What union can there be between one who believes and one who does not believe?

 Get rid of toxic friends. Cut them loose! They are not meant to be a member of your tribe. Toxic friends drag you down.

Math Examples that Keep Students Challenge

                                     By Vic Odarve

Solving math examples in different methods but yield the same answer is itself a challenge.  And it works; keeping students at bay!

This approach allows the students to learn the principles of each method of solving same examples and develop mastery. As they master the different methods, students can readily compare the results with ease and build confidence. As confidence builds up, they challenge math problems by doing themselves; hence math becomes easier and simpler.

Solving math problems by different methods can surprise many      students, even the stupid ones. Math teachers, an expert in this field and speak with a power of persuasion, keep students’ eyes, glue to the board; ears listen to every discussion, and silence throughout the classroom. For example, in Algebra, find the value of x in a quadratic equation by factoring, by completing the square, and by the use quadratic formula. These three methods of finding the solution work differently but yields the same answer. This way the students learn three math principles in just one example. Furthermore, they can spot the differences, and mimic the teacher’s steps in arriving the final answer. Students feel great, satisfied, and enjoyed by learning three different approaches. This develops mastery of the course. Of course, a surprise and challenge!

Working Examples

Working Examples

Solving single math problem and obtain the same result using different methods also allows students to check and compare the final answer; hence the process builds up their confidence. Students turn this great opportunity to learn more methods; thus, increasing their math knowledge. These environments keep them changing, growing, and learning more math; thus becoming them to be an expert. Since all the methods yield the same results, they are motivated and making great grades… one of the top class math performers. The approach does build their confidence. Henceforth, as confidence develops, students challenge themselves in solving math exercises and problems.

What were the results? Some students came to the office smiling and showed their solutions confidently; others wanted to discuss how they got their final answer. Sounds great and fulfilling! It all begins with single math example that keeps the student’s challenge.

Copy Blindly and Understand Later

                                   By  Vic  Odarve

Failed to understand and behind in a math discussion? Just copy blindly and understand your notes later.

Math lecturer

Math lecturer

This is an engineering student’s way of life – abounds of mathematical theorems, formulas, principles, transformations, and a lot more. What a life! So, anybody would like to become an Engineer? And adding to the pain, once students behind in a discussion, teachers just told them boldly,” Just copy blindly and understand it later”. Copying without understanding? That’s it. This is the picture painted inside the classroom. The lecturer did no longer explain the details of the steps on how the previous course of mathematical

Copy blindly and understand later

Copy blindly and understand later

principles and techniques are done. “These steps are supposed to be learned in your previous course, and the class is running out of time,” lecturer told the students. That’s why students who did poorly in the previous math are frustrated. Sounds hopeless? Not at all; just copy blindly and understand the notes later!

 Copying blindly simply means noting down whatever the steps the lecturer has

Engineering students after the class

Engineering students after the class

done in the classroom, even without complete understanding on what you have copied. This is the common scenarios in an engineering classroom. The lecturer is a lecturer and nothing more. He knows how to weigh things, whether to review or not, otherwise he will be behind or may not complete the topic before the semester ends. So as a result “just copy blindly “. It is the students’ initiative; teaching them that to become an engineer is not a bed of roses. Math professors like Einstein, works and solves worded problems lightning speed that only few can fully understand. Since math is like a ladder and if students had poor performance in their previous courses, this time it takes its toll. As a result, students just copy without understanding. But this is a significant step…first step to develop how the students can catch up the tremendous pressure to pass the course.

However, this scenario is not so horrible. This message” copy blindly and study later” encourages the students to study more. This means that students must revisit their notes and lessons after the class. The phrase “understand later” lingers in their memory urging them to review on what happen to their notes or else next meeting they do the same…. Copy blindly and completed the bachelor’s degree in six to eight years instead of five. Most often students will find that after a little review in a discussion that initially baffled them will all of a sudden make sense. Thus, like a gravitational pull exerted by dark energy in the expanding universe, “copying blindly and understand later” drags and challenges the students to study.

Subsequently, the students develop a habit of opening the notes and review everything there on what was discussed by the teacher every after the classroom session. Believe it or not, that slowly and surely, the students develop the habits of doing these practices every after the class session. The turn of events is now clear: students find themselves loving and embracing mathematics!

The phrase “copy blindly and understand later” becomes the things of the past.

When the Baby Smiles

                        By Vic Odarve

When a baby smiles, it brings more than a smile. It is a smile that develops a feeling of attachment and bonding. Unlike all other smiles, a smile from a child is more powerful and appealing. It is contagious, that is, it has an ability to make others also smiling. Children are gifts from God and their smile captures the tenor of your day.

A baby smile can change your mood of the day

The baby’s smile can change your mood of the day

When a baby smiles we can’t help but smile back at them. There is something strange developed within your heart; a feeling of connection and bonding. This sensation plays an important role in their development. They felt secure and safe. Smiles are their way of communications and relay some important information. Your payback smile, too, helps the babies learn and understand about the world around them. Thus, slowly and surely, connection and bonding develop… a bond more powerful than two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons forming a molecule.

What makes their smiles more powerful and enchanting are their innocent and fascinating faces to look at. Their simple, sincere, and straightforward smile can attract more than admiring looks. Their cheeks rise and the skin around their eyes

A plain, straight-forward,and innocent smile

A plain, straightforward, and innocent smile

bunches up… a true feature of a true smile. Their smiles are also bliss for all those seeking happiness of other people. Unlike adults whose smiles are often fakes and superficial, children offer perfect smiles. Going back to our old pictures while we were still young and carefree, and eager to explore the world is itself a source of entertainment. Our smiles, then, were once powerful and fascinating… showing to the world our innocence!

Children have an ability to make others also smiling. Their gestures and smiles are very interesting, especially to observe if they are doing funny things in a crowd. It can make your day smiling and forget the daily toxic stresses. It alters your depressive mood to happier one and sets the tenor of your day. “To see the

Young and carefree;ready to explore the world

Young and carefree; ready to explore the world

kids’ smile on their face, it brings a smile to my face too,” said Hagler, who has been involved with the foundation for children for over a decade. Over the long term, smiling can have a positive effect on our well-being; improve our health, perception at work, social life, and feel happier and less stressed. A good smile can help release emotions, especially those emotions that might bottle up inside our heart.
Therefore, children’s smiles are something that connects us together to their world; so unique and interesting that it makes also others smiling. Their smiles are more than a smile!

Simple Joys That Nature can Offer

                                            By Vic Odarve

Mother Nature has, and always be, offers her inexpensive entertainment. From the forested land and mountains, an orchestra of birds doing choir. In the sky, a canopy of clouds is drifting above our heads doing a military drill and at night stars are twinkling in unison like an entertainment in the heavens. Back to our sandy beaches and rivers, beautiful sights will remain a joy to remember for the rest of your life. Nature has, and forever be, gives pleasures free of charge to everybody!

Mayana Village - with a buffalo grazing over the rice fields paddies.

Mayana Village – panoramic view after years from a landslide.

It is always a joy to visit farms with our family and kids as weekend retreat area. Nearby are mountains, dense forest, and a pristine river. What we do there! Feel the earth. We feel like walking through mist and clouds along the mountain ranges, meet all the fairies and magical creatures, and watch the birds doing orchestra along with the canopies. By remembering our good old childhood days, it is sort of feeling that cannot be captured on camera and more than the old pictures hanging on the wall.

During daytime, clouds can be seen drifting above our heads. At nighttime, it is a joy to see the canopy of stars twinkling in all the heavens; stretching like an enormous spider’s web scattered in all directions across the vastness of the cosmic ocean. We feel the presence of our Creator; we owe our lives to these stars. By thus doing, we feel the joy that Nature gives.

Mayana village

Relax with nature-a joy for everybody

We can also feel the best of Mother Nature just by walking alone or with your loved ones along the sandy beaches or take a ride on a floating restaurant alongside in a river. Watching fireflies at the banks of a river, observing trees decorated with bird’s nests, and simply following the sun faded in the western sky at the end of the day will open our eyes to the earth and all its glory. For a moment, we feel the tranquillity of our lives away from the toxic city life.

With all the joys that nature brings to mankind, it is just proper and just to give thanks to the Lord our God who endows this earth with all of its glory. The Bible puts it clearly that God created all these majestic mountains, glorious clouds, and beautiful sceneries in Psalm 147:8 “Who covers the heaven with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass to grow upon the mountains.”It is the declaration of his majestic Hands.

Nature, as always be, gives us pleasure free of charge…from forested lands and mountains, clouds and stars, to sandy beaches and rivers. It is all given unconditionally… to the poor, the rich, and the mighty!

Manny Pacquiao; Mayweather’s Last Frontier

                       By Vic Odarve

The fight is on! Both fighters have agreed on May 2, 2015!

Pacquiao has been an eyesore for Mayweather; a hindrance to his fame and glory; and his last frontier to cement his 47-win without a single loss to his record. For more than five years, boxing enthusiasts see Pacquiao as the legitimate contender- an eyesore to Mayweather. By all indications, a win in this fight puts Mayweather as the best welterweight boxers on this planet; hence this fight is the last frontier to cement his legacy.

Pacquiao and Mayweather

Pacquiao and Mayweather

Yes, an eyesore! To date Pacquiao keeps on winning after three fights among the best in his division… a picture difficult to ignore by Mayweather who is also on the same division. This megabout for this two pound for pound kings on the division has been a fight the boxing world has been clamoring for the past five years.

A win will catapult Mayweather to the best welterweight fighters of this generation. That is why Pacquiao would be his last frontier in boxing profession before retiring for good. But if Pacquiao wins, history puts him the honor and record as a boxer who beat Mayweather… tainting his zero loss record.

De la Hoya after the fight

De la Hoya after the fight

Predictions on who will win this blockbuster fight are difficult. Mayweather is the defensive specialist, while Pacquiao is a punching machine with power. Many boxing analysts claimed Mayweather have many advantages; from the heavily built body, defensive boxing prowess, and able to read and adjust his game at early stage and exploit the weaknesses of his opponents. Pacquiao, on other hand, maybe one of the most versatile southpaws; with power punches deliver in uncanny angles, can move in and out, and exhibits faster hand speed.

Magarito after the fight

Magarito after the fight

A few years ago, my prediction for Pacquiao fights against De La Hoya and Margarito was terribly wrong. I believed that both de la Hoya and Margarito, with bigger frame and possess a track record as one of the best punchers won those fights. Instead, both were pulverized by the speed and the power of the smaller Pacquiao. But, that time Pacquiao was in the prime of his career!

Today, it would be difficult to predict the outcome. It would be on May 2 the protagonists will give their best in the ring. This would put an end to a question on who is better among these two boxing superstars. And who will win! Nobody knows!

Math Becomes Easy

                                   By Vic Odarve

“Really math becomes easy when the teacher explains well and I follow it up at home”, exclaimed an engineering student.

Competent teacher, conducting a review of the notes every after the class, and practice by reworking the steps, are all needed to understand math. Math professor, like King Solomon, must discuss math in an eloquent and conversationalist way, expert and master on the course topics, and has an ability to challenge the students. Students, on their part, must review the notes after the class to enhance memory retention. Then, actual rework or practice on what was discussed and solved in the classroom. And math becomes an easy prey!

Math is most difficult course in College

Math is the most difficult course in College

The professor must know very well the intricacies and beauty of the numbers hidden in math; he can explain lucidly the subject matter in a simple way and invite the students who are afraid of numbers to ask and interact during the classroom discussion. The classroom becomes a learning place where students often refer to as their second home. This is the place where they can voice out and share their own opinion with others; and

Math Professor detailsthe steps

Math Professor details the steps

learn from their classmates by asking. A competent teacher is like an environmental designer; keeps classroom atmosphere conducive to learning. He establishes redlines; build up student’s confidence, and keep the math course easy and simple instead of intimidating and frightening.

Engineering students at work

Engineering students at work at Madonna University

Conducting a review on the topics discuss in the classroom proves to retain further one’s memory. The study showed that the first in a two- hour lecture is the most effective period for memory retention. Faced with this dilemma, a review after the class is needed to recover part of the time where memory retention was least. Reading the notes for a few minutes after classroom strengthen further your memory. Any lapses and misunderstood notes can be easily corrected by recalling your memory.

Finally, students must rework the problems and its solution steps. Although simple as it is, this is the most important part of learning math. The practice enables students to understand the whys, how, and when, these steps are done. It keeps their mind working; challenging ideas at will, and keeps them on the state of analyzing and recognizing patterns. Math is like a game of chess; sometimes pondering the board to find the best moves over your opponents; the clearer the picture over the situation, the better your moves and win the games. Reworking the classroom’s lectures makes understanding perfect!

It is not that math is difficult because it is math and students could not get along with numbers; with competent teachers, coupled with regular patience to open your notes after the class, and constant practice, learning math becomes easy and enjoyable. Students and math, then become the very best of friends.

China and Russia: Equated to Nazi Germany

By Vic Odarve

A glimpse on world history showed that countries which started a huge, bloody conflict and blown out into catastrophic proportions have a common denominator; authoritarian rule, expansionist policy, and bullying small and powerless neighbors. Authoritarian rule is akin to martial law whose leaders often perceive as rulers with unlimited powers; few elite people make decisions and control the economy. In order to grow their influence and economic reasons, they have to expand the territories under the guises of freeing their oppressed people. Through their advanced and better military hardwares, they intimidate and bully small and powerless neighbors. Nazi Germany did it before. Today, China and Russia are equated to Nazi Germany.

South China Sea

South China Sea

Both China and Russia are authoritarian countries; that is, only a few manage and control the government, and repress their citizens. Russia, a corrupt country fights its survival to make its place safe for corruption. Since authoritarian rule represses their citizens, many journalists who try to investigate the government’s shadowy activities and transactions die a horrible and excruciating death, leaving neither traces nor investigation. Both countries have a tightly controlled political system that leaves little room for

China President Xi Jinping shakes hand with Obama

China President Xi Jinping shakes hand with Obama

dissent. Confrontation seems futile; people are too scared to form a united opposition. A few weeks ago, China executed prominent business tycoon Liu Han, chairman of the Hanlong Group, and Forbes ranked the 148th richest person in China in 2012. He was charged of running a crime syndicate and involved in a campaign of intimidation since 1990. In Russia, Khodorkovsky,

Russia President Putin

Russia President Putin

once Russia’s richest man, was put in prison in 2005 on charges of tax evasion and fraud. Some European countries including the United States accused Russia of “selective prosecution” and abuse of the legal system.

One common ambition of these two countries is to expand the present territories, whether by force or by other stealthy moves. Putin wants to restore the old USSR with Russia as the center of its power and powerful army in the heart of its satellites including Ukraine. That is the picture before the collapse of the federation in 1992. Today, slowly and slowly, he is now attempting to reassert Russian leadership over the post-Soviet states, and intervenes economically and militarily in its “near abroad. Russia sent its tanks into Georgia in 2008, invaded and annexed Crimea by stealth last year, and played proxy war in Eastern Ukraine. Its shadowy incursion into Georgia and Ukraine speaks it all.

China, on the other hand,  claimed almost the entire South China Sea – an area defined by the “nine-dash line” which Beijing says its right to the area comes from 2,000 years of history where the Paracel and Spratly island chains were regarded as integral parts of the Chinese nation. Both the Philippines and China lay claim to the Scarborough Shoal which is located 100 miles (160km) from the Philippines and 500 miles from China.

With powerful military at their disposal, both countries tend to intimidate and bully their neighbors by military posturing, invading the sovereignty, and annexing territory. China, on the other hand, turned deaf ears from their neighbors’ complaints; built an airstrip and conducted oil exploration in the contested South China Sea. Russia warned US and NATO and EU to keep out from Ukraine for he has nuclear power that could lead to nuclear Armageddon.

Putin, far more dangerous than politicians, is on the diplomatic table for Ukraine on his proxy war; winning major concession such as restoration of Ukrainian control over the border with Russia in the separatist-controlled areas, and grant wide powers to the eastern regions, including the right to form their own police force and trade freely with Russia. China defies any diplomatic effort on his own; refuses to participate in a United Nations arbitration process. Economic sanctions hit Russia, but it does not deter Putin; cases were filed by Asian countries for China, but China ignores it.

As always shown in history, appeasement or concession to an aggressor does not work as in the case of Hitler; economic sanctions may bite, but does not always sway these leaders to back down; military solution accelerates the fuel burning. Only diplomatic effort may save from these conflicts to a nuclear explosion. These leaders when cornered choose instead to escalate the crisis and risk an all-out confrontation. China and Russia offer their new world order calculus, but, most people say, can be equated to Nazi Germany.

Connection Works!

                                                by Vic Odarve

Due to the perennial problems of unemployment, salary increases and promotions, and business transactions, people look a connection to politicians, celebrities and government officials, and other among the country’s bigwigs for help or assistance. In finding a job, for instance, whether government or private corporations, it is whom you know and not what you know that matters most. These connections also pull salary increases and promotions. In business transactions, connections provide a loophole to facilitate faster on the paper processing. Connections to people in higher positions really work!

Napoles entangled three senators due to connection

Napoles entangled three senators due to connection

Nowadays, employment is easier if somebody introduces you and follow up your application. It is like politics in motion. With so many applicants, connection to a person with higher position or country’s stalwarts and bigwigs prevails over qualification, work experiences, and skills. Politicians and government officials often dictate the vacant positions; hence their families and relatives and those with connections come first. That is why parents with children searching for a job in the future build up connection with politicians and influential people. Job would be easier later.

Promotions and salary increases, the vital indicators of your working performances come easily if you have someone influential within the organization. They will recommend, assess, evaluate your work, then salary or promotion follows. Such was a case of an electrician for having somebody with a close connection with the company’s president. He received an unprecedented huge salary increase that a few months later his fellow workers, upon discovery, resign from their jobs because of dismay and discouragement. Today, we understand why many of our co-workers

Parents and Children at Mayana Fiesta clebration, May 15, 2014

These new generation of parents and children know how connection affects the moral fabric and trust.

prepare cakes and pastries, offer helps and expensive gifts that please our boss, especially on their birthdays, anniversaries, etc. just to establish connections.

Whether in government or private corporations, the connection works. In government, for instance, a business permit requires approval from a layer of offices; takes longer time and sometimes red tape. But with connections to these offices, usually officials and relatives, it is just as simple as eating peanut… no need to participate in the long queue for paper processing.

Old generation did not had any connection

Old generation did not had any information on how the connection works

The world today seems to be cruel as the poor becomes poorer while rich becomes richer. Because of connection, it is usually the poor that suffer much depriving of employment, salary increases, and promotion. Although connection is an art of corruption in a peaceful way, in a larger sense it is synonymous to graft and bribery. Like Janet Napoles, she set up parties for politicians and bigwigs in society to establish connections. She and the three senators entangled with the law and ended in jail for graft and corruption.

Just like Einstein’s theory of relativity space-time warps and bends in the presence of mass and energy, connection destroys the moral fiber of the population and trust of the people to the government. It contradicts our values and principles; shapes a different outlook on our life. Although often perceive as a bribe, the connection still works!

Ideal Family; an Elusive Dream

                                                By Vic Odarve

Although all families can be strong and healthy, only a few seem to have it “together” while other families seem to struggle in pain in keeping their own. An ideal family is a place of love whose members are bonded together by cheerful and loving parents, socially and academically successful children. The family members share pleasant things and work as a unit, and parents manage disagreements constructively through effective communication. But in the real world, only a few succeeded; for others, an ideal family remains a dream and imagination.

Picnic together

Picnic together

In an ideal family, parents as prime mover must provide comfort and emotionally fulfill to all members. They must be cheerful and loving and spend a positive time together with the kids, and in the process build their wonderful feelings and relationship. Talking, planning, and working certain things together build  strong family ties. Since every individual is unique and disagreements arise, conflicts must be dealt constructively. Effective communication provides an emotional and sound environment.

Outstanding family results in a well knitted and strong children’s relationship bonded together by love. They look their parents as a model. They should love each other the same as their father loves their mother. They learn how their parents do everything to keep the family connected and bonded together; how activities are managed and controlled to make the world going around harmoniously.

Mayana Village  with all of its beautiful sunsets

Mayana Village with all of its beautiful sunsets

But in married life, it is not always a picture of beautiful sunsets; sometimes the journey is rough and temptation abounds along the way. When I visited a friend of mine a few days ago, his family seemed perfect; the beautiful home with three kids, beautiful cars of the latest model, beautiful wife managing a good company; everything as it would appear was perfect. And he was just promoted to an executive in a big company; his career in high gear. But spending a weekend with them, I noticed their family was not a happy one. There seemed to be a feeling of disunity among them, negative attitude of the children is clear, and love insecurity, etc.…. The wholesome relationship was obviously missing… an ingredient that cannot be filled up with all the material things and work successes they have possessed.

Sometimes couples’ relationship and life satisfaction set off to its lowest point; turns sour, humiliation, distress, troubling, sleepless nights, and if not well attended, ended in divorce and separation. Even kings, princes, and celebrities in our society separated their wives or husbands one after the other. In 1527 King Henry VIII of

Happy moment

A happy moment

England, after feeling dissatisfaction in giving birth to his wife, a son, separated his wife Catherine and married Anne Boleyn. This act was not approved by Rome and after years of conflicting views, England established their own Anglican Church. There are celebrities, too, that have been very successful in their careers, but not so successful with their marriages. One of them is famous Elizabeth Taylor, who has taken sacred vows eight times, and still found the ideal family elusive.

Henceforth, for several people the search for ideal family exists only in imagination. The commitment of love and dedication for husband and wife and children is simply out of the spectrum; numerous culprits wreak havoc on the relationship which finally leads to an ugly end… to divorce and separation. When parents separate, it creates a great pain in the whole family, but as time passes, children learn to adjust and understand that family life is not at all ideal!

Top Five (5) Performers – Strength of Materials-MEC 232

Top Five (5) Performers  MEC 232-Strength of Materials

Second Semester 2014-2015

Below are the top 5 performers of Strength of Materials for the Second Semester 2014-2015 of Madonna University, Elele Campus, River State, Nigeria. Final Exam was given last July 31,2015. Final Score consists of Cumulative Assessment (CA) (30%) and Final exam (70%). There are 230 students in a class in MEC 232.

Reg. Number

CA

Final Exam

Total Score

Top 1

SC/13/309

SC/13/385

27

25

65

67

92

92

Top 2

SC/13/437

25

65

92

 Top 3

SC/13/409

23

65

90

Top 4

SC/13/411

SC/13/500

SC/13/516

27

22

27

60

65

60

87

87

87

 Top 5

SC/13/279

SC/13/533

26

26

60

60

86

86

CONGRATULATIONS. KEEP UP THE GOOD WORKS!

Happy vacation for all!

DR. VICTOR E. ODARVE, BSME, MEP-ME,MAED, EDD, PHILIPPINES, ASIA

Final Exam Engineering Mathematics 1

Final Exam Strength of Materials

Kneel and Ask Forgiveness?

By Vic Odarve

Uniquely African practice!  Kneeling and asking forgiveness for violations or mistakes is a common practice among college students.

It was a final examination day in Mathematics! Amid a hot and crowded exam room, I saw two students copying answers with each other. Without warning, I confiscated their papers. Then they knelt before me and said,” Sir, we are sorry”.

Engineering students

Engineering students

 I have not yet decided on what punishment would I take, but they were there kneeling before you! Then I told them,”Stand up, do not kneel before me, stand in front of the class until I tell you to sit down”.

I was caught by surprise as I have not experienced students kneeling before me for several years of teaching in university/college in our native soil. But this is an African country! They have their own way of practice.

In most parts of the world, it is one of the customs to kneel to a person who is older or in authority as a sign of respect. Kneeling is often associated with reverence or submission. In religion, kneeling is associated with worshiping. It is an expression of submitting yourself to the Almighty.

 But college students are kneeling here! Students kneeling before the teachers are  a common sight in African colleges and universities, according to one of my colleagues, an African lecturer. This could be the practice since time immemorial as this continent was once ruled by kings and queens who were revered like God by the constituents. These constituents are kneeling before them for some reasons.

Final Exam

Final Exam

 Perhaps there are no other more profound forms of pleading or asking forgiveness or help from a person in authority than kneeling. When you see college students kneeling before a teacher and pleading for forgiveness for the mistakes they committed, the teacher simply cannot ignore. We have to balance our assertiveness in exercising our authority in the classroom at the same time being approachable. That is establishing a limit, a boundary or red lines!

  Even Jesus, seeing a woman kneeling before him, did not simply ignore since he sees the action comes truly from her heart. Read the  Matthew 15;22-28;

 22 Now a Canaanite woman came from those borders and began to cry out, “Lord, Son of David, have pity on me! My daughter is tormented by a demon.”

23 But Jesus did not answer her, not even a word. So his disciples approached him and said, “Send her away: see how she is shouting after us.”

24 Then Jesus said to her, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel.”

25 But the woman was already kneeling before Jesus and said, “Sir, help me!”

26 Jesus answered, “It is not right to take the bread from the children and throw it to the little dogs.”

 27 The woman replied, “It is true, sir, but even the little dogs eat the crumbs which fall from their master’s table.”

28 Then Jesus said, “Woman, how great is your faith! Let it be as you wish.” And her daughter was healed at that moment.

Madonna University,Nigeria,Africa

Madonna University,Nigeria,Africa

 Are these college students using kneeling as a smart way of admitting the mistakes and needing immediate forgiveness? Does kneeling, an action asking forgiveness or reverence, come true from their hearts? Are these new generations of college students redefined kneeling on their favor? Nobody knows!

Kneeling and asking forgiveness… its African way of life.

Lying and Checkmated!

                              By Vic Odarve

Lying has been known to downgrade moral values and destroy one’s credibility necessary to lead others, yet public officials and the country’s leaders choose to lie simply to amass wealth, personal satisfaction, and conceal their futuristic plan for glory and power. In order to acquire more wealth in addition to their income, police officers and their cohorts resort to abduction on wealthy businessmen for ransom. Still, some public officials while enjoying their position in the government involve in an illicit love affair and drawing money from drugs.  In order to get what they want, whether to rebuild their lost empire and conquer the world, some world leaders resort to military adventurism but did not reveal their true intentions. At the end, these people are caught lying and some are eventually checkmated in prison and received public condemnation.

These students from Madonna University learned that lying is a sin

In order to get an extra money for being law enforcers, police officers and their cohorts resort to abduction on businessmen for ransom; when caught, they tried to deny their involvement even though caught red handed. Still, some police officers lied their involvement in some premeditated killings, but when investigated, they justified their actions in order to cover up the details of the information. Such was the case of the abduction of Korean businessman Lee and the killing of Mayor Espinosa.

During the Korean businessman Jee abduction investigation, the committee showed a closed circuit television footage that captured policeman Sta. Isabel and his accomplice, one alias, “Jerry,” taking cash as ransom payment from an ATM account traced to Jee. Sta. Isabel denied the allegations, saying he was just framed. On the killing of Leyte Mayor Rolando Espinosa at a sub-provincial jail in November 2016, government investigation revealed that there was a conspiracy among policemen. This led to the indictment of respondent policemen, led by former Philippine National Police Criminal Investigation and Detection Group Region 8 (CIDG 8) chief, Supt. Marvin Marcos, for two counts of murder. Despite the CCTV footage of the Sta Isabel withdrawing the money, and the findings that the killing of the mayor was a conspiracy, these law enforcers tried to lie but in vain. The policemen are found lying and are now checkmated to their prison cells.

          Senator de lima and Dayan

Still, some public officials while enjoying their position in the government are making illicit love affair and drawing money from drugs.  Claiming that she will fight back, De Lima always denied the accusation made by the president that she has had a relationship with his driver Dayan and collected money from drug lords. She stated that the accusation was a pattern of character assassination and requested the president to double-check the data. She even used her being a woman to defend herself from critics. But sensing that there are no rooms to hide, she recently admitted her involvement with the married man. She was not telling the truth!

At the world’s stage, some leaders resort to shadowy moves by lying to the world about their true intentions of their actions. World leaders, for instance, opt to lie in order to pursue the own agenda; cover up strategic plans, especially on security matters; attain their selfish end and use to gain a strategic advantage over another country. Lying might be a smart and savvy move because often an explanation of their action is done later to ease public condemnation and disappointment. That is what happened to Assad, Putin, and Hitler.

         Superintendent-Marvin-Marcos

When the US bombed Syria with cruise and tomahawk missiles for alleged chemical weapons attack against its own people, thereby crossing the red line set by Obama, Assad said the Syrian military had no chemical weapons and that it would not use them if it did. “We gave up our arsenal three years ago,” he said. “We have never used our chemical arsenal in our history.” However, a recorded conversation from US intelligence and medical findings from the victims showed otherwise. Definitely, Assad is lying.

During his press conference on March 4, 2014, Putin informed the people that he had no intention to annex Crimea. But what happened on the referendum on March 16? The people had the option that Crimea is part of Russia. A tricky maneuver! Thus Crimea was annexed and became a part of Russia. He was lying to the world! Hitler, too, was lying. Barely after 6 months of his promise not to take anymore Czech territory after the Munich Pact, he grabbed the rest of Czechoslovakia on the pretext of protecting the German-speaking population. He was also lying to the world.

Univ. of Immaculate Conception students are taught that lying is not an accepted norm

In human history, lying seems the easiest formula the world leaders and public officials have to use in order to attain their hidden objectives.But God, in no instances, encourages lying would be an acceptable thing to do. But rather, it teaches us that we are hurting ourselves by lying. It’s in the Bible,

“Stop lying to each other; tell the truth, for we are parts of each other and when we lie to each other we are hurting ourselves.”- Ephesians 4:25

Some people think that lying is an accepted in our society. Lying downgrades moral values and destroy one’s credibility necessary to lead others. Some public officials after investigations are now checkmated in their prison cells.

Control Your Big Mouth, Please!

                           By Vic Odarve

It is better to control your talkative mouth for your own safety, avoid embarrassments, and unwanted troubles. Too private and confidential information must not be divulged especially in public for safety reasons. Public speeches, whether done in private or public, must be spoken with care and control, avoiding ambiguous words with too many interpretations to various listeners. Unsolicited discussions, comments, and the information are done in a casual conversation or in the public forum must be controlled to avoid unpleasant reactions. Control your big mouth, please!

President Rody Duterte

Personal and family activities, as a rule, is more beneficial to keep private for safety reasons. An orchestrated highway robbery, daring daylight abductions, and assassinations of top officials are among the few results by not keeping them secret. Summer and Christmas vacations which usually involve travelling with a huge amount of money must not be posted on Facebook for these often give second thoughts to scoundrels and scalawags. Nowadays, unwanted incidents in one’s life due to careless revelation are on the rise. It is better to control your big mouth, please!

 Speaking engagements or speeches, whether done in private or public, must be spoken with care and control. That is, talking without thinking! If possible, avoid ambiguous words or jokes with too many interpretations for the audience, press corps, and other people of different races to understand. What is considered acceptable in one culture or language usage may be considered an insult to another. That is what happened to President Digong. In one of the interviews, he openly admitted that he killed three criminals while being a mayor in Davao city. The news amplified and grew rapidly like a wildfire! This prompted the U. N. High Commissioner for Human Rights to launch murder investigations into President Rodrigo Duterte. This also prompted the Magdalo group to file an impeachment against the president. Whether it is just a joke, an excitement or to give colour to an occasion, the speech destroys the credibility and backfire on his personality. As a result, the president has to argue with all his might to reason out and resorted to “bad mouthing” UN and other agencies on human rights who condemned him in both local and international media forums. His political adversaries even urge him to resign being a criminal. Control your big mouth, please!

Worst yet, unsolicited discussions, comments, and information in a casual conversation or during ambushed interviews or public forum sometimes draw various negative reactions from the audiences and the media. Last December when PNP chief Director General Ronald “Bato” Dela Rosa announced that Duterte has allocated P100, 000 to P400, 000.00 for each top cop, it was greeted with joy. But a few days after, Christmas bonuses were cancelled. The reason might be that the Palace became discouraged due to his earlier announcement and due to the numerous queries cropped up. All these things brought an unpleasant atmosphere to his working environment.

Biblical story, too, reminds us that it is better to keep some of the things in our life unsaid. Abraham kept his mouth shut for the day he received the message to sacrifice Isaac until the final moments when the angel intervened.

Life is what we make it. Perhaps some intimate details in our lives are better left unsaid. Keep it from public knowledge! Even to our best friends! Or make second thoughts if we want to divulge! By keeping some vital information to ourselves is a safer option than risking ourselves to the outside world. We will soon realize that this world is much wider than just what we know to be our own.

Control your big mouth, please!

Mechanics of Fluid – CE 411 Assignment CE 4B

Solve the following and submit their solutions next meeting. Answers are given at the end of each problem for your guide. Don’t forget to carry out the units and show its cancellations. Refer to your notes for a further guide.

 Problems:

  1. Determine the total kilograms that can be made by mixing 2 liters of alcohol and 2 liters of water. Assume the densities of alcohol and water are 0.78 and 0.98 respectively. Ans. 3.520 kgs
  1. Fluid A has a density of 600 kg/m3 is mixed with a liquid whose density is 1000 kg/m3 filling 1 m3 Find the respective quantities if the density of the mixture is 800kg/m3. Also, find the weight of the mixture if g = 9.8 m/sec2.

Ans.   A) m1 =  300 kgs, m2 = 500 kgs         b)         W = 800 kg f

  1. Four kilograms of air at 270K are contained in a 0.3 m3 tank. Determine     a) pressure, kPa, b) Number of moles, kg moles, c) specific volume, m3/kg, d) specific volume of mass in a molal basis, m3/kg mol

For air, R= 0.287 kJ/kgK,                   M= 28.97 kg/kg mol,   use PV =mRT

 

Ans.  A) P = 1033.2 kPa  b) N  = 0.138 kg mol, c) 0.075 m3/kg  d) 2.17 m3/kg mol

  4. Calculate how many stokes is kinematics viscosity of 2 ft / sec 2 ?

Ans.  v =   1859 stokes

  1. Oxygen is at 50oC and 150 KPa abs. Calculate (a) density, (b) specific weight  (c) specific volume.

MW of oxygen                       = 32

Universal gas constant            = 8312 N m/ kg mole K

Note:

R  = 8312 / 32  = 0.26 kN m / kg K

Ans:  (a ) density , p = 1.79 kg/m3, ( b ) Specific Weight        = 17.54 N / m3

( c ) Specific Volume , v = 0.559 m3 /kg

 

Dr. Victor E. Odarve, BSME/MEP-ME/MAED/EDD-Lecturer

University of Immaculate Conception, Davao City, Philippines